How to cite in IEEE format


Book with a single author:

J. R. Berryhill, C++ Scientific Programming: Computational Recipes at a Higher Level. New York: Wiley, 2001, pp. 245.

Book with multiple authors:

E. F. De Millano, E. F. Gloyna, and S.V. Antonin, Sodium Thiosulfate's Fate in Activated Sludge, vol. CRWR-185. Austin: Center for Research in Water Resources, Bureau of Engineering Research, University of Texas at Austin, 1981, pp. 90.

Book with a corporate author:

Levelton Engineering and Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, National Framework for Petroleum Refinery Emission Reductions. Winnipeg: Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, 2005, pp. 66.

Book with no author given:

Mine and Mill Equipment Costs: An Estimator's Guide. Spokane, Wash.: Western Mine Engineering Inc., 1997, pp. 207.

Section of a book:

B.K. Kandola, "Nanocomposites," in Fire Retardant Materials, A.R. Horrocks and D. Price, Ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2001. pp. 204-219.


Journal article:

X.I. Koutiva, T. D. Vrionis, N.A. Vovos, and G.B. Giannakopoulos. Optimal integration of an offshore wind farm to a weak AC grid, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 987-994, 2006.

Journal article (electronic only, no print version):

N. Ramakrishna, (2003). Production system planning for natural resource conservation in a micro watershed. Electronic Green Journal. [Online]. 18. Available:


Technical Reports

K. Chen, C.C. Federspiel, D.M. Auslander, C.E. Bash, and C.D. Patel, "Control Strategies for Plenum Optimization in Raised Floor Data Centers," HP Labs, Paolo Alto, CA, Tech. Rep. HPL-2006-47, Mar. 2006.


H.J. De Los Santos, "On the ultimate limits of IC inductors: An RF MEMS perspective," in Proc. IEEE Electron. Comp. Tech. Conf., 2002, pp. 1027-1031.

Standards and patents

Z. Zhou, "Integrated optical multiplexer and demultiplexer for wavelength division transmission of information," Canadian Patent 2554095, Aug. 11, 2005.


Joint Committee on Space Astronomy. (2006, April). JCSA Meeting Summary. Canadian Space Agency. [Online]. 2006(09/19) Available: