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<span class="nowrap"><strong><em>You Quote It, You Note It!</em></strong> (version <<print $version>>) &mdash;</span><span class="nowrap">Developed by Acadia University, </span> <span class="nowrap">Vaughan Memorial Library.</span><div id="story"><div id="passages"></div></div><<set $version = "2.21.10b-alpha">> <<set $debug = 0>> <<set $lang = "en">> <<set $font_family = recall("font_family", "font_family_mixed")>> <<set $font_size = recall("font_size", "font_size_regular")>> <<set $student = recall("student", "")>> <<set $style = recall("style", "APA")>> <<set $cnt_answer_correct = 0>> <<set $cnt_answer_incorrect = 0>> <<set $cnt_answer_fixed = 0>> <<set $score = 0>> <<set $grade = ''>> <<cacheaudio "answer_correct" "assets/audio/22735__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-synthesized/403009__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-alert-b3.ogg">> <<cacheaudio "answer_incorrect" "assets/audio/22735__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-synthesized/403011__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-alert-b1.ogg">> <<cacheaudio "answer_fixed" "assets/audio/22735__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-synthesized/403017__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-alert-c3.ogg">> <<cacheaudio "placard_chime" "assets/audio/22735__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-synthesized/413749__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-alert-d1.ogg">> <<waitforaudio>> <<set $avatar = { settings: { "persona": recall("avatar_persona", "person"), "skintone": recall("avatar_skintone", "1f3fb") }, path: "assets/emoji/FILE_ID.png", persona: ["person", "male", "female", "cat", "smiley"], skintone: ["1f3fb", "1f3fc", "1f3fd", "1f3fe", "1f3ff"], // light to dark gender: ["200d-2642", "200d-2640", ""], // man, woman, fixed adult reaction: { person: { "default": "1f9d1-skintone-200d-1f4bb", "face": "1f9d1-skintone", "unsure": "1f937-skintone", "question": "1f64b-skintone", "correct": "1f646-skintone", "incorrect": "1f645-skintone", "fixit": "1f926-skintone", "fixed": "270d-skintone", "moreinfo": "1f939-skintone", "write": "270d-skintone", "finished": "1f9d1-skintone-200d-1f393", "placard": "1f516", "tip": "1f6a9", "introduction": "1f4d6", "end": "1f3c1", "settings": "1f527", "license": "1f4d1" }, male: { "default": "1f468-skintone-200d-1f4bb", "face": "1f468-skintone", "unsure": "1f937-skintone-200d-2642-fe0f", "question": "1f64b-skintone-200d-2642-fe0f", "correct": "1f646-skintone-200d-2642-fe0f", "incorrect": "1f645-skintone-200d-2642-fe0f", "fixit": "1f926-skintone-200d-2642-fe0f", "fixed": "270d-skintone", "moreinfo": "1f939-skintone-200d-2642-fe0f", "write": "270d-skintone", "finished": "1f468-skintone-200d-1f393", "placard": "1f516", "tip": "1f6a9", "introduction": "1f4d6", "end": "1f3c1", "settings": "1f527", "license": "1f4d1" }, female: { "default": "1f469-skintone-200d-1f4bb", "face": "1f469-skintone", "unsure": "1f937-skintone-200d-2640-fe0f", "question": "1f64b-skintone-200d-2640-fe0f", "correct": "1f646-skintone-200d-2640-fe0f", "incorrect": "1f645-skintone-200d-2640-fe0f", "fixit": "1f926-skintone-200d-2640-fe0f", "fixed": "270d-skintone", "moreinfo": "1f939-skintone-200d-2640-fe0f", "write": "270d-skintone", "finished": "1f469-skintone-200d-1f393", "placard": "1f516", "tip": "1f6a9", "introduction": "1f4d6", "end": "1f3c1", "settings": "1f527", "license": "1f4d1" }, smiley: { "default": "1f642", "face": "1f642", "unsure": "1f644", "question": "1f914", "correct": "1f601", "incorrect": "1f623", "fixit": "1f631", "fixed": "1f92f", "moreinfo": "1f9d0", "write": "1f58a", "finished": "1f973", "placard": "1f516", "tip": "1f6a9", "introduction": "1f4d6", "end": "1f3c1", "settings": "1f527", "license": "1f4d1" } } } >><<print Story.get($lang + "_common_phrases").processText();>><header> <<if passage() is "Start" || tags().includes("avatar_placard")>><<audio "placard_chime" play>><</if>> <<AnswersToGrade $cnt_answer_correct $cnt_answer_incorrect $cnt_answer_fixed>> <div class="greeting"> <<include StoryBanner>> <<include StoryCaption>> </div> <<if passage() is not "Start">> <div class="progress-grid-container"> <div class="progress-grid-item reaction" id="avatar"> <<GenerateAvatar>> </div> <<script>> var k, part_k_class, markup = ""; for(k = 1; k <= 6; k++) { if(tags().includes('part_' + k)) { part_k_class = "active"; } else if(visitedTags('part_' + k) || (k == 6 && tags().includes("part_99"))) { part_k_class = "visited"; } else { part_k_class = "unvisited"; } markup = markup + '<div class="progress-grid-item part_' + k + ' ' + part_k_class + '"><span>' + k + '</span>'; markup = markup + '<div class="progress-line'; if(k == 1) { markup = markup + ' start'; } else if(k == 6) { markup = markup + ' end '; } markup = markup + '"></div>'; markup = markup + '</div>'; } jQuery(this.output).wiki(markup); <</script>> </div> <</if>> </header><footer> <div class="fineprint"> <span class="nowrap"><<print $common_phrases["label_" + $style]>> / </span> <span class="nowrap"><<link $common_phrases["linktext_restart"]>><<script>>Engine.restart();<</script>><</link>> / </span> <span class="nowrap">[[$common_phrases["linktext_license"]|$lang + "_license"]] / </span> <span class="nowrap">[[$common_phrases["linktext_feedback"]|https://library.acadiau.ca/research/tutorials/feedback.html]]</span> </div> <<if $debug>> <<include debug_controls>> <<include debug_variables_list>> <<include debug_passages_list>> <<include debug_avatar_reactions>> <</if>> </footer> <<addclass "body" $font_family>> <<addclass "body" $font_size>> <<MemorizeSettings>>! You Quote It, You Note It! <<nobr>><div style="text-align:center;"> <<link "Let's Begin <span class=\"smaller\">(in English)</span>" "en_common_intro_01">><<set $lang = "en">><</link>> <!-- English --> <<link "Commençons <span class=\"smaller\">(en Français)</span>" "fr_common_intro_01">><<set $lang = "fr">><</link>> <!-- French --> </div><</nobr>><<set $common_phrases = { title: "You Quote It, You Note It!", label_APA: "APA", label_ASA: "ASA", label_Chicago: "Chicago", label_MLA: "MLA", linktext_previous: "< Back", linktext_next: "Next >", linktext_restart: "Restart tutorial", linktext_license: "License and usage", linktext_feedback: "Give your feedback" } >>! Introduction Welcome to the <em>You Quote It, You Note It!</em> tutorial. This tutorial will \ explain what citation is and when and how to cite your sources properly. It will \ also explain the concept of plagiarism, so that you understand how to avoid \ plagiarizing the works of others. The tutorial will take about 10 minutes to \ complete. But first, what is your name? <<textbox "$student" "">> <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_settings_01">>! Reading Preferences Next, choose the text options that you find most comfortable to read. !! Styles <label class="settings_selector font_family_mixed"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_family" "font_family_mixed" autocheck>> <span class="pseudo_heading">Mixed</span> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_family_sans"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_family" "font_family_sans" autocheck>> Sans-serif \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_family_serif"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_family" "font_family_serif" autocheck>> Serif \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_family_dyslexic"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_family" "font_family_dyslexic" autocheck>> Dyslexic \ </label> !! Sizes <label class="settings_selector font_size_regular"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_size" "font_size_regular" autocheck>> Regular \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_size_large"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_size" "font_size_large" autocheck>> Large \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_size_extralarge"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_size" "font_size_extralarge" autocheck>> Extra-Large \ </label> <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_settings_02">>! Avatar Preferences Finally, choose an avatar. !! Personas <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['persona']" "person" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['persona']" "male" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "male">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['persona']" "female" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "female">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['persona']" "smiley" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "smiley">> \ </label> !! Skin Tones <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3fb" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3fb">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3fc" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3fc">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3fd" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3fd">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3fe" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3fe">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3ff" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3ff">> \ </label> <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_citation_00">>! Citation <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_citation_01">>! What is citation? Citation is the process of documenting the sources you use in your writing. A \ source is any document (a book, an article, a video, etc.) that you borrow ideas \ from to support your writing. The specific details of how you cite your sources \ depend on the citation style that you use, but generally, all citation includes \ two parts: an in-text citation (a note in the body of your paper) and a \ bibliography entry (a longer note at the end of your paper). <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_citation_02">>! Citation There are many different citation styles out there, but here are a few of the most \ common ones: !! APA This style originates in psychology but is used widely in the social sciences \ and sciences. If you're not sure which style to choose, try this one. !! MLA This style is managed by the Modern Language Association and is used primarily \ in the study of language and literature. English majors, this one is for you. !! Chicago This is another popular style in the humanities and social sciences. History, \ politics, and theology majors should choose this style. !! ASA This style is used exclusively in sociology. If you're a sociology major, choose \ this style. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_citation_03">>! Citation Let's start by choosing the style that will be shown to you during this \ tutorial. <<back "< Back">> \ <<link "APA" "en_common_citation_04">><<set $style = "APA">><</link>> \ <<link "MLA" "en_common_citation_04">><<set $style = "MLA">><</link>> \ <<link "Chicago" "en_common_citation_04">><<set $style = "Chicago">><</link>> \ <<link "ASA" "en_common_citation_04">><<set $style = "ASA">><</link>>! Citation Now that you've selected your citation style, let's dig into the basics: Why cite sources? <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_citation_05">>! Citation While writing can often feel like a solitary activity, good academic writing is \ actually an asynchronous conversation involving many parties. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_citation_06">>! Citation One party is you, the author. You are sharing your thoughts on paper (or on a \ screen), but those thoughts have not developed in your brain from nothing. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_citation_07">>! Citation You've received ideas from other researchers. They have, in a sense, spoken to \ you. They are part of the conversation. And then there are the people who you \ will speak to through your writing&mdash;people who will add your thoughts and \ ideas (and by extension, the thoughts and ideas of all the authors that you \ read) to their own ideas. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_citation_08">>! Citation Citing sources is of fundamental importance to this conversation. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_citation_09">>! Citation By properly citing your sources, you can quickly provide important context for \ your research, and lead your readers to the research that you relied on to \ inform your work. Your readers can then engage with the ideas that came before \ yours, allowing them to contribute to the conversation. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_citation_10">>! Citation It is this conversation that pushes all research forward. Researchers comment on \ each other's work, informing one another, and generating newer and better ideas \ within a given subject area. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_citation_11">>! Citation In this sense, properly citing your sources is a tremendous gift to future \ researchers. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_citation_12">>! Citation And, as an added bonus, readers will be more likely to trust the validity of \ your arguments when they are clearly supported by the work of others. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_plagiarism_00">>! Plagiarism <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_plagiarism_01">>! Plagiarism If all of those wonderful reasons to properly cite your sources aren't enough to \ convince you to do it, there is something else you should know. There is a name \ for the act of failing to properly cite your sources: plagiarism. And plagiarism \ is a punishable academic offence! <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_plagiarism_02">>! Plagiarism What exactly is plagiarism? \ [[Acadia's calendar|https://registrar.acadiau.ca/AcademicCalendars.html]] \ defines it as "the act of presenting the ideas or words of another as one's own" \ (p. 37). Using another writer's ideas or words is a normal part of academic work, but you \ must clearly indicate when you are doing this. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_plagiarism_03">>! Plagiarism [[Acadia's calendar|https://registrar.acadiau.ca/AcademicCalendars.html]] \ continues: "Self-plagiarism is also a form of plagiarism. It is the presentation \ of the same work in more than one course without the permission of the \ instructors involved" (p. 37). Writing two different papers on the same topic \ for two different courses is fine, but you can't submit the exact same paper in \ both courses unless both instructors agree. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_plagiarism_04">>! Plagiarism If you are caught plagiarising, there are a range of penalties you may face, \ including: * Failing your assignment * Failing your course * Being expelled from university <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_plagiarism_05">>! Plagiarism Proper citation helps you write a better paper and stay out of trouble. And it \ helps future researchers too! Everyone wins with proper citation. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_plagiarism_06">>! Plagiarism Now, let's see if you can identify what plagiarism looks like. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_plagiarism_07">><<set $next_common_passage = "en_common_plagiarism_08">> <<set $include_passage = "en_style_" + $style.toLowerCase() + "_plagiarism_01">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "en_common_tip_01">> <<set $include_passage = "en_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_plagiarism_02">> <<include $include_passage>>! Tip #1 Paraphrasing improperly is still plagiarism! To paraphrase properly, you must: <<nobr>> <<switch $style.toLowerCase()>> <<case "apa">> <<set _txt = "an in-text citation AND in your References list">> <<case "asa">> <<set _txt = "an in-text reference AND in your References list">> <<case "chicago">> <<set _txt = "a footnote OR an in-text reference, AND in your Bibliography">> <<case "mla">> <<set _txt = "an in-text citation AND in your Works Cited list">> <</switch>> <</nobr>> # really, truly use your own words and sentence structure: don't just change a \ couple of words; # cite the source with <<print _txt>>. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_tip_02">>! Tip #2 Putting quotation marks around quotations isn't enough! <<nobr>> <<switch $style>> <<case "APA">> <<set _txt = "an in-text citation AND cite the source fully in your References list">> <<case "ASA">> <<set _txt = "an in-text reference AND cite the source fully in your References list">> <<case "Chicago">> <<set _txt = "a footnote OR an in-text reference, AND cite the source fully in your Bibliography">> <<case "MLA">> <<set _txt = "an in-text citation AND cite the source fully in your Works Cited list">> <</switch>> <</nobr>> You still have to insert <<print _txt>>. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_knowledge_00">>! Common knowledge <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_knowledge_01">>! Common knowledge Common knowledge does not need to be cited. But what exactly //is// common \ knowledge? "Common knowledge" refers to facts that are widely known to society at large \ (general common knowledge) or to a particular discipline (discipline-specific \ common knowledge). <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_knowledge_02">>! Common knowledge ''General common knowledge'' includes things like basic facts about famous \ people (Mozart was born in 1756), well-known historical events (Canada won the \ Summit Series in 1972), or scientific facts (table salt is sodium chloride). It \ should be clear from the Summit Series example that what is general common \ knowledge in one culture or country is not necessarily common knowledge in \ another, so it is important to consider your intended reader's context. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_knowledge_03">>! Common knowledge ''Discipline-specific common knowledge'' refers to basic facts that would be \ common knowledge only to people well-versed in the discipline and not \ necessarily to society at large. For example, a reference to the zeroth law of \ thermodynamics would not need to be cited in a physics paper because it would \ be commonly known among physicists, but it would need to be cited in a paper \ intended for a non-specialist audience for whom it would //not// be commonly \ known. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_knowledge_04">>! Common knowledge ''When in doubt, cite!'' It is always safer to cite something that doesn't need \ to be cited than to //not// cite something that //does// need to be cited! <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_knowledge_05">><<set $next_common_passage = "en_common_knowledge_06">> <<set $include_passage = "en_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_knowledge_01">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "en_common_knowledge_07">> /* next passage exception for ASA style content which does not have a third common knowledge element, thus "en_common_knowledge_07" must be skipped. */ <<if $style.toLowerCase() == "asa">> <<set $next_common_passage = "en_common_quotvpara_00">> <</if>> <<set $include_passage = "en_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_knowledge_02">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "en_common_tip_03">> <<set $include_passage = "en_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_knowledge_03">> <<include $include_passage>>! Tip #3 Even if you found something online, you must still cite it! Using things from the web is no different than using print sources as far as \ plagiarism goes: you still have to cite the source. Just because something is \ publicly available on the web doesn't mean that it's in the public \ domain&mdash;and even it it really //is// in the public domain, you still have \ to cite it. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_tip_04">>! Tip #4 Start your research early!​ It is important to give yourself lots of time to do research before your paper \ is due. It can take time to find the best resources to support your arguments, \ and you may find that your arguments change as you do research and learn more \ about your topic. So, make sure to start your research well before your work is \ due.​ <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_quotvpara_00">>! Quoting vs Paraphrasing <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_quotvpara_01">>! Quoting vs Paraphrasing Quoting is copying a source exactly, word for word. A direct quotation is placed \ between double quotation marks to indicate precisely where the copying begins \ and ends, and the source must always be cited. Paraphrasing is taking information from a source and putting it into your own \ words. A paraphrase is not indicated by quotation marks because it's not an \ exact copy, but the source must still be cited. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_quotvpara_02">>! Quoting vs Paraphrasing How do you know whether you should quote or paraphrase a source? Quoting is only necessary when the exact words of the source matter. For example, \ if you are writing an English paper in which you are analyzing the actual words \ and phrases an author uses, it is helpful to your reader if you directly quote \ those words and phrases. Quotation is therefore much more common in the \ discipline of literature and language studies than in any other subject area. The other situations in which quotation is preferable to paraphrasing, in any \ discipline, are if the language of the original source is extremely well-known \ or historically significant (e.g. "To be or not to be") or if it is so perfectly \ crafted that any attempt to paraphrase would diminish or fail to capture its \ meaning. These situations are rare, so apart from the literary essay, you should normally \ choose paraphrasing over quotation. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_quotvpara_03">>! Quoting vs Paraphrasing ''Quote'' if the exact words of the source matter. ''Paraphrase'' if it's just the idea expressed by the source that matters. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_quotvpara_04">><<set $include_passage = "en_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_01_include">> <<include $include_passage>> <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_quotvpara_05">><<set $include_passage = "en_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_02_include">> <<include $include_passage>> <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_quotvpara_06">><<set $include_passage = "en_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_03_include">> <<include $include_passage>> <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_quotvpara_07">><<set $next_common_passage = "en_common_quotvpara_08">> <<set $include_passage = "en_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_04">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "en_common_quotvpara_09">> <<set $include_passage = "en_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_05">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "en_common_quotvpara_10">> <<set $include_passage = "en_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_06">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "en_common_tip_05">> <<set $include_passage = "en_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_07">> <<include $include_passage>>! Tip #5 Use direct quotations sparingly. The majority of your paper should be in your \ own words. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_tip_06">>! Tip #6 If you're unsure of if, when, or how to cite something, check a citation guide, \ ask your professor, or ask a librarian. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_tip_07">>! Tip #7 Document your sources immediately as you are doing your research. That way, when \ you're writing your paper, you'll always know where that perfect quotation came \ from. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_zotero_00">>! Zotero <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_zotero_01">>! Zotero * Zotero is a citation management tool that can help you track, organize, and \ cite your sources. * This tool is open source and freely available, meaning you can use it even \ after you leave Acadia University. * Visit [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/zotero]] to learn more and for help \ setting Zotero up on your computer. * If you need further assistance, any of our Librarians can help you! Book an \ appointment with a Librarian either through our general email \ [[ref-desk@acadiau.ca|mailto:ref-desk@acadiau.ca]] or contact your Librarian via \ [[https://library.acadiau.ca/about/people.html]]. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_outro_00">>! Wrapping Up <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_outro_01">>! Thanks for taking our tutorial! We hope you've learned the basics about citation and how to avoid plagiarism. * Remember you can always get help from your professor or from the Library if \ you have any questions. Every student has their own Librarian! Find out who your \ Librarian is at [[https://library.acadiau.ca/about/people.html]]. * You can also get help at the Research Help Desk by email \ [[ref-desk@acadiau.ca|mailto:ref-desk@acadiau.ca]]. <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_outro_02">>! Getting Help * Chicago [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/chicago-turabian]] * MLA [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/MLA]] * APA [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/apa]] * Writing Centre [[https://writingcentre.acadiau.ca]] * Plagiarism [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/plagiarism]] * You Quote It, You Note It Quiz [[https://acorn.acadiau.ca/course/view.php?id=21289]] <<PassagePrevNext "en_common_outro_03">>! Other Resources <ul> <li>Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)​ <ul> <li>[[APA Guide|https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/index.html​]]</li> <li>[[Chicago Guide|https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/chicago_manual_17th_edition/cmos_formatting_and_style_guide/chicago_manual_of_style_17th_edition.html]]​</li> <li>[[MLA Guide|https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_style_introduction.html​]]</li> </ul> </li> <li>Plagiarism: A Faculty Member's Guide​</li> <li>Plagiarism: A Student's Guide​</li> <li>Acadia University's statement on Academic Integrity and procedures concerning \ infractions of academic integrity: [[https://registrar.acadiau.ca/Registration.html]]</li> </ul> <<PassagePrevNext "en_End">>! The End <<nobr>><div class="certificate"> <<script>>jQuery(this.output).wiki('<div class="grade ' + State.getVar("$grade") + '">' + State.getVar("$grade") + '</div>');<</script>> <div class="remarks"> <<if $student>><<print "<p>" + $student + ":</p>">><</if>> <p>You answered <<print $cnt_answer_correct>> of <<print $cnt_answer_correct + $cnt_answer_incorrect>> questions correctly and completed <<print $cnt_answer_fixed>> "fix it" segments in the <<print $style>> citation style tutorial.</p> </div> </div><</nobr>> <<link "Learn about another citation style" "en_common_citation_02">><</link>> \ <<link "Start the tutorial again">><<script>>Engine.restart();<</script>><</link>>! Is this plagiarism? Copying a direct quotation into your paper, placing quotation marks around it, \ and crediting the source. > "In Canada and the US, the russet Burbank is the favorite processing potato" \ (Kneen, 1999, p. 105-106) > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Kneen, B. (1999). \ //Farmageddon: Food and the culture of biotechnology.// New Society \ Publishing.</span> <<AnswerChoices "en_style_apa_plagiarism_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_apa_plagiarism_01_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_apa_plagiarism_01_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect This is not plagiarism. Copying information word-for-word from a source is okay as long as you put \ quotation marks around the copied information and give credit to the source. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_plagiarism_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism because there are quotation marks around \ the copied information and the source is credited. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_plagiarism_01" "correct" >>! Is this plagiarism? How about this? Taking someone's ideas or words, putting them into your own words, and crediting \ the source. > The most popular potato processed in North America is the russet Burbank \ (Kneen, 1999). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Kneen, B. (1999). \ //Farmageddon: Food and the culture of biotechnology.// New Society \ Publishing.</span> <<AnswerChoices "en_style_apa_plagiarism_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_apa_plagiarism_02_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_apa_plagiarism_02_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is not plagiarism: it's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_plagiarism_02" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism. It's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_plagiarism_02" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > The Molsons are one of Canada's most influential business families. ''Sentence B'' > The first modern Molson brand, Export Ale, appeared in 1903. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_apa_knowledge_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_apa_knowledge_01_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "en_style_apa_knowledge_01_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_knowledge_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this book: > Hunter, D. (2001). //Molson: The birth of a business empire.// Viking. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_knowledge_01" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > The Mexican peso devaluation in 1994 seriously affected the country's \ financial markets. ''Sentence B'' > The peso is the currency used in the country of Mexico. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_apa_knowledge_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_apa_knowledge_02_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "en_style_apa_knowledge_02_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this journal article: > Goldberg, C.S. & Veitch, J.M. (2003). Exchange rate crisis and firm values: A \ case study of Mexico's tequila crisis. \ //Journal of American Academy of Business//, 2(2), 545-549. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_knowledge_02" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_knowledge_02" "incorrect" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > The Canadian government's tax cut in 2001 prompted the Bank of Canada to \ reduce interest rates. ''Sentence B'' > The Bank of Canada regulates interest rates. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_apa_knowledge_03" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_apa_knowledge_03_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "en_style_apa_knowledge_03_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this article: > Manley, J. (2003, April 12). Statement prepared for the International Monetary \ Fund. """http://www.fin.gc.ca/news03/03-024e.html""". <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_knowledge_03" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_knowledge_03" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences Maybe it would help to show the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, and \ how to do each correctly using APA style. Imagine that this passage from a book about genetically modified foods is one \ that you would like to use in your essay. > In Canada and the US, the russet Burbank is the favorite processing potato. It \ is therefore not surprising that the russet Burbank appeared on the market as the \ first trans-genic potato, engineered to contain //Bacillus thuringiensis// \ toxins...! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting A quotation uses exactly the same words as those found in the source material \ and puts them in quotation marks. Here's what a quotation looks like with a \ proper in-text reference in APA style: > "It is therefore not surprising that the russet Burbank appeared on the market \ as the first trans-genic potato, engineered to contain Bacillus thuringiensis \ (Bt) toxins derived from a common soil bacterium" (Kneen, 1999, p. 105-106). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Kneen, B. (1999). \ //Farmageddon: Food and the culture of biotechnology.// New Society \ Publishing.</span>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing A paraphrase is another author’s ideas expressed //in your own words//&mdash;\ without quotation marks, since it's no longer a word-for-word quotation. And \ just changing a few words from the original doesn't count! > The popular North American russet Burbank potato is said to have been the \ first genetically modified spud to contain Bt toxins (Kneen, 1999). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Kneen, B. (1999). \ //Farmageddon: Food and the culture of biotechnology.// New Society \ Publishing.</span>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Now that you know the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, let's make \ sure you can do it properly in an actual assignment. Imagine that this is your \ essay so far: > The biotechnology industry continues to affect many of the staple foods of \ our Western diet. ''In Canada and the US, the russet Burbank is the favorite \ processing potato. It is therefore not surprising that the russet Burbank \ appeared on the market as the first trans-genetic potato, engineered to contain \ //Bacillus thuringiensis// (Bt) toxins.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "en_style_apa_quotvpara_04" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_apa_quotvpara_04_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_apa_quotvpara_04_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Good catch! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation marks \ and the source is not cited! <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_quotvpara_04" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Oh yes, it is! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation \ marks and the source is not cited. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_quotvpara_04" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to quote without plagiarising. > The biotechnology industry continues to affect many of the staple foods of \ our Western diet. ''In Canada and the US, the russet Burbank is the favorite \ processing potato. It is therefore not surprising that the russet Burbank \ appeared on the market as the first trans-genetic potato, engineered to contain \ //Bacillus thuringiensis// (Bt) toxins.'' <<AnswerChoices "en_style_apa_quotvpara_05" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_apa_quotvpara_05_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > The biotechnology industry continues to affect many of the staple foods of \ our Western diet. ''"In Canada and the US, the russet Burbank is the favorite \ processing potato. It is therefore not surprising that the russet Burbank \ appeared on the market as the first trans-genetic potato, engineered to contain \ //Bacillus thuringiensis// (Bt) toxins." (Kneen, 1999, p. 105).'' > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Kneen, B. (1999). \ //Farmageddon: Food and the culture of biotechnology.// New Society \ Publishing.</span> <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_quotvpara_05" "fixed" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing > The biotechnology industry continues to affect many of the staple foods of \ our Western diet. ''The popular North American russet Burbank potato is said to \ have been the first genetically modified spud to contain Bt toxins.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "en_style_apa_quotvpara_06" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_apa_quotvpara_06_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_apa_quotvpara_06_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Definitely. The author has used their own words and sentence structure but \ forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_quotvpara_06" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, it IS plagiarism. Although they used their own words and sentence \ structure, they have forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_quotvpara_06" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to paraphrase without plagiarising. > The biotechnology industry continues to affect many of the staple foods of \ our Western diet. ''The popular North American russet Burbank potato is said to \ have been the first genetically modified spud to contain Bt toxins.'' <<AnswerChoices "en_style_apa_quotvpara_07" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_apa_quotvpara_07_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > The biotechnology industry continues to affect many of the staple foods of \ our Western diet. ''The popular North American russet Burbank potato is said to \ have been the first genetically modified spud to contain Bt toxins'' (Kneen, \ 1999). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Kneen, B. (1999). \ //Farmageddon: Food and the culture of biotechnology.// New Society \ Publishing.</span> <<AnswerStatus "en_style_apa_quotvpara_07" "fixed" >>! Is this plagiarism? Copying a direct quotation into your paper, placing quotation marks around it, \ and crediting the source. > "Players who focus on human resources required for a ritual event, for example, \ new or preexisting social networks, will be more likely to feel committed to \ their MMORPG community, while players who focus on nonhuman resources or material \ aspects of the game like collecting gold or equipment in the game are less likely \ to feel committed to their MMORPG community" (Simpson, Knottnerus, and Stern \ 2018:9). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Simpson, Joseph M., J. David Knottnerus, and \ Michael J. Stern. 2018. "Virtual Rituals: Community, Emotion, and Ritual in \ Massive Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games&mdash;A Quantitative Test and \ Extension of Structural Ritualization Theory." \ //Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World// \ 4:1-13. doi: \ 10.1177/2378023118779839.</span> <<AnswerChoices "en_style_asa_plagiarism_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_asa_plagiarism_01_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_asa_plagiarism_01_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect This is not plagiarism. Copying information word-for-word from a source is okay as long as you put \ quotation marks around the copied information and give credit to the source. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_plagiarism_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism because there are quotation marks around \ the copied information and the source is credited. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_plagiarism_01" "correct" >>! Is this plagiarism? How about this? Taking someone's ideas or words, putting them into your own words, and crediting \ the source. > In MMORPGs, the players who are most committed to their online communities \ are those whose main goal is to engage with other players, rather than to \ acquire in-game loot (Simpson, Knottnerus, and Stern 2018:9). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Simpson, Joseph M., J. David Knottnerus, and \ Michael J. Stern. 2018. "Virtual Rituals: Community, Emotion, and Ritual in \ Massive Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games&mdash;A Quantitative Test and \ Extension of Structural Ritualization Theory." \ //Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World// \ 4:1-13. doi: \ 10.1177/2378023118779839.</span> <<AnswerChoices "en_style_asa_plagiarism_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_asa_plagiarism_02_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_asa_plagiarism_02_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is not plagiarism: it's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_plagiarism_02" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism. It's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_plagiarism_02" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > There are children living in poverty in Canada. ''Sentence B'' > Nova Scotia is the only province that experienced an increase in child poverty \ between 2015 and 2017. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_asa_knowledge_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_asa_knowledge_01_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "en_style_asa_knowledge_01_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_knowledge_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this report: > Frank, Lesley and Laura Fisher. 2020. "2019 Report Card on Child and Family \ Poverty in Nova Scotia: Three Decades Lost." Halifax, NS: Canadian Association \ of Policy Alternatives. \ """https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/2019-report-card-child-and-family-poverty-nova-scotia""". <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_knowledge_01" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > Unlike the Civil Rights Movement, whose female leadership took a backseat to \ men, Black Lives Matter was founded by three female community organizers: \ Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors, and Opal Tometi. ''Sentence B'' > Black Lives Matter is an anti-racist social movement. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_asa_knowledge_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_asa_knowledge_02_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "en_style_asa_knowledge_02_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this journal article: > Jones-Eversley, Sharon, A. Christson Adedoyin, Michael A. Robinson, and Sharon \ E. Moore. 2017. "Protesting Black Inequality: A Commentary on the Civil Rights \ Movement and Black Lives Matter." //Journal of Community Practice// \ 25(3-4):309-24. doi: 10.1080/10705422.2017.1367343. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_knowledge_02" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_knowledge_02" "incorrect" >>/* NOT USED IN ASA CONTENT See storyinclude_common.tw::en_common_knowledge_06 for next-passage exception. *//* NOT USED IN ASA CONTENT See storyinclude_common.tw::en_common_knowledge_06 for next-passage exception. *//* NOT USED IN ASA CONTENT See storyinclude_common.tw::en_common_knowledge_06 for next-passage exception. */! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences Maybe it would help to show the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, and \ how to do each correctly using ASA style. Here is a passage from a journal article that you could use in your paper: > Since YouTube creators enjoy the reputation as reliable endorsers, companies \ search for appropriate influencers in the social media sphere in hope of finding \ credible people disseminating their brand's message.! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting A quotation uses exactly the same words as those found in the source material \ and puts them in quotation marks. Here's what a quotation looks like with a \ proper in-text reference in ASA style: > "Since YouTube creators enjoy the reputation as reliable endorsers, companies \ search for appropriate influencers in the social media sphere in hope of finding \ credible people disseminating their brand's message" (Schwemmer and Ziewiecki \ 2018:4). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Schwemmer, Carsten and Sandra Ziewiecki. 2018. \ "Social Media Sellout: The Increasing Role of Product Promotion on YouTube." \ //Social Media + Society// 4(3):1-20. doi: 10.1177/2056305118786720.</span>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing A paraphrase is another author’s ideas expressed //in your own words//&mdash;\ without quotation marks, since it's no longer a word-for-word quotation. And \ just changing a few words from the original doesn't count! > Many companies seek out YouTubers with good reputations to promote their \ brand and their products (Schwemmer and Ziewiecki 2018:4). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Schwemmer, Carsten and Sandra Ziewiecki. 2018. \ "Social Media Sellout: The Increasing Role of Product Promotion on YouTube." \ //Social Media + Society// 4(3):1-20. doi: 10.1177/2056305118786720.</span>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Now that you know the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, let's make \ sure you can do it properly in an actual assignment. Imagine that this is your \ essay so far: > Product endorsement is increasingly common on YouTube. ''Since YouTube creators \ enjoy the reputation as reliable endorsers, companies search for appropriate \ influencers in the social media sphere in hope of finding credible people \ disseminating their brand's message.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "en_style_asa_quotvpara_04" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_asa_quotvpara_04_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_asa_quotvpara_04_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Good catch! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation marks \ and the source is not cited! <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_quotvpara_04" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Oh yes, it is! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation \ marks and the source is not cited. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_quotvpara_04" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to quote without plagiarising. > Product endorsement is increasingly common on YouTube. ''Since YouTube creators \ enjoy the reputation as reliable endorsers, companies search for appropriate \ influencers in the social media sphere in hope of finding credible people \ disseminating their brand's message.'' <<AnswerChoices "en_style_asa_quotvpara_05" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_asa_quotvpara_05_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > Product endorsement is increasingly common on YouTube. ''"Since YouTube creators \ enjoy the reputation as reliable endorsers, companies search for appropriate \ influencers in the social media sphere in hope of finding credible people \ disseminating their brand's message" (Schwemmer and Ziewiecki 2018:4).'' > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Schwemmer, Carsten and Sandra Ziewiecki. 2018. \ "Social Media Sellout: The Increasing Role of Product Promotion on YouTube." \ //Social Media + Society// 4(3):1-20. doi: 10.1177/2056305118786720.</span> <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_quotvpara_05" "fixed" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing > Product endorsement is increasingly common on YouTube. ''Many companies seek \ out YouTubers with good reputations to promote their brand and their products.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "en_style_asa_quotvpara_06" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_asa_quotvpara_06_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_asa_quotvpara_06_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Definitely. The author has used their own words and sentence structure but \ forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_quotvpara_06" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, it IS plagiarism. Although they used their own words and sentence \ structure, they have forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_quotvpara_06" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to paraphrase without plagiarising. > Product endorsement is increasingly common on YouTube. ''Many companies seek \ out YouTubers with good reputations to promote their brand and their products.'' <<AnswerChoices "en_style_asa_quotvpara_07" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_asa_quotvpara_07_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > Product endorsement is increasingly common on YouTube. ''Many companies seek \ out YouTubers with good reputations to promote their brand and their products \ (Schwemmer and Ziewiecki 2018:4).'' > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Schwemmer, Carsten and Sandra Ziewiecki. 2018. \ "Social Media Sellout: The Increasing Role of Product Promotion on YouTube." \ //Social Media + Society// 4(3):1-20. doi: 10.1177/2056305118786720.</span> <<AnswerStatus "en_style_asa_quotvpara_07" "fixed" >>! Is this plagiarism? > "Canadians may well be approaching another such juncture today as the result \ of two seemingly unrelated by in fact closely connected developments...".<sup>1</sup> > ... > <ol><li>Michael Hart, "Lessons from Canada's History as a Trading Nation," \ //International Journal// 58, no.1 (2002): 40, doi:10.2307/40203811.</li></ol> > ... > __Bibliography__ > Hart, Michael. "Lessons from Canada's History as a Trading Nation." \ //International Journal// 58, no.1 (2002): 25-42, doi:10.2307/40203811. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_chicago_plagiarism_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_chicago_plagiarism_01_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_chicago_plagiarism_01_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect This is not plagiarism. Copying information word-for-word from a source is okay as long as you put \ quotation marks around the copied information and give credit to the source. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_plagiarism_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism because there are quotation marks around \ the copied information and the source is credited. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_plagiarism_01" "correct" >>! Is this plagiarism? How about this? Taking someone's ideas or words, putting them into your own words, and crediting \ the source. > Since Canada had such a small economy it did not have much to say when it came \ to making trading deals with other nations.<sup>1</sup> > ... > <ol><li>Michael Hart, "Lessons from Canada's History as a Trading Nation," \ //International Journal// 58, no.1 (2002): 42, doi:10.2307/40203811.</li></ol> > ... > __Bibliography__ > Hart, Michael. "Lessons from Canada's History as a Trading Nation." \ //International Journal// 58, no.1 (2002): 25-42, doi:10.2307/40203811. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_chicago_plagiarism_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_chicago_plagiarism_02_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_chicago_plagiarism_02_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is not plagiarism: it's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_plagiarism_02" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism. It's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_plagiarism_02" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > Canada became a Confederation in 1867. ''Sentence B'' > Scholars and politicians are divided on whether Confederation constitutes an \ Act imposed by Britain or an agreement between sovereign colonies. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_chicago_knowledge_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_chicago_knowledge_01_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "en_style_chicago_knowledge_01_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_knowledge_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this book: > Belshaw, J. //Canadian History: Post-Confederation.// British Columbia: \ BCcampus, 2016. """https://open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/textbooks/671""". <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_knowledge_01" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > The Mexican peso devaluation in 1994 seriously affected the country's \ financial markets. ''Sentence B'' > The peso is the currency used in the country of Mexico. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_chicago_knowledge_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_chicago_knowledge_02_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "en_style_chicago_knowledge_02_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this journal article: > Goldberg, C.S. and J.M. Veitch "Exchange rate crisis and firm values: A case \ study of Mexico's tequila crisis." //Journal of American Academy of Business// \ 2, no. 2 (2003): 545-549. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_knowledge_02" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_knowledge_02" "incorrect" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > France is the third largest country in Europe. ''Sentence B'' > Paris is the Capitol of France. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_chicago_knowledge_03" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_chicago_knowledge_03_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "en_style_chicago_knowledge_03_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this website: > Chepkemoi, Joyce. "The Largest Countries in Europe." WorldAtlas. Accessed \ May 31, 2018. """http://worldatlas.com/articles/the-largest-countries-in-europe.html""". <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_knowledge_03" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_knowledge_03" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences Maybe it would help to show the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, and \ how to do each correctly using Chicago style. Imagine that this passage from an eBook is one that you would like to use in \ your essay. > The form of rule established by Diocletian at the end of the 3^^rd^^ century \ was effectively a rule of four: two Augusti (principle emperors) and two Caesares \ (or Ceasars, second-tier emperors), overseeing an empire that was split east and \ west...! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting A quotation uses exactly the same words as those found in the source material \ and puts them in quotation marks. Here's what a quotation looks like with a \ proper in-text reference in Chicago style: > "The form of rule established by Diocletian at the end of the 3^^rd^^ century \ was effectively a rule of four: two Augusti (principle emperors) and two Caesares \ (or Ceasars, second-tier emperors), overseeing an empire that was split east and \ west...".<sup>1</sup> > ... > <ol><li>Andrew Leach, //Rome// (Oxford: Polity Press, 2016), 77, Proquest \ Ebook Central.</li></ol> > ... > __Bibliography__ > Leach, Andrew. //Rome.// Oxford: Polity Press. 2016. ProQuest Ebook Central.! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing A paraphrase is another author’s ideas expressed //in your own words//&mdash;\ without quotation marks, since it's no longer a word-for-word quotation. And \ just changing a few words from the original doesn't count! > A tetrarchy was used to rule Rome for a time at the end of the 3^^rd^^ century \ and into the 4^^th^^. This form of rule consisted of one emperor in the east and \ one in the west, known as Augusti. Each of these emperors had a second in command \ known as a Caesar, who would eventually gain the throne upon each emperor's \ retirement or death.<sup>1</sup> > ... > <ol><li>Andrew Leach, //Rome// (Oxford: Polity Press, 2016), 77, Proquest \ Ebook Central.</li></ol> > ... > __Bibliography__ > Leach, Andrew. //Rome.// Oxford: Polity Press. 2016. ProQuest Ebook Central.! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Now that you know the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, let's make \ sure you can do it properly in an actual assignment. Imagine that this is your \ essay so far: > In an interview, the Ukranian Health Minister, Anatoly Y. Romanenko ''advised \ residents not to have outings in the woods north of Kiev, near the 18-mile zone \ from which 135,000 people were evacuated two years ago.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_04" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_04_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_04_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Good catch! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation marks \ and the source is not cited! <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_04" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Oh yes, it is! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation \ marks and the source is not cited. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_04" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to quote without plagiarising. > In an interview, the Ukranian Health Minister, Anatoly Y. Romanenko ''advised \ residents not to have outings in the woods north of Kiev, near the 18-mile zone \ from which 135,000 people were evacuated two years ago.'' <<AnswerChoices "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_05" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_05_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > In an interview, the Ukranian Health Minister, Anatoly Y. Romanenko "advised \ residents not to have outings in the woods north of Kiev, near the 18-mile zone \ from which 135,000 people were evacuated two years ago."<sup>1</sup> > ... > __Note__ > 1. Felicity Barringer, "Fear of Chernobyl Radiation Lingers for the people \ of Kiev," //New York Times,// May 23, 1998, \ """https://ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/docview/426829329?accountid=8172""" > ... > __Bibliography__ > Barringer, Felicity. "Fear of Chernobyl Radiation Lingers for the people \ of Kiev." //New York Times,// May 23, 1998. \ """https://ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/docview/426829329?accountid=8172""" <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_05" "fixed" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing > Although the Ukranian Health Minister recommended that residents did not go in \ the woods near Kiev, he continued to disregard the worries residents had \ concerning radiation. Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_06" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_06_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_06_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Definitely. The author has used their own words and sentence structure but \ forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_06" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, it IS plagiarism. Although they used their own words and sentence \ structure, they have forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_06" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to paraphrase without plagiarising. > Although the Ukranian Health Minister recommended that residents did not go in \ the woods near Kiev, he continued to disregard the worries residents had \ concerning radiation. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_07" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_07_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > Although the Ukranian Health Minister recommended that residents did not go in \ the woods near Kiev, he continued to disregard the worries residents had \ concerning radiation.<sup>1</sup> > ... > __Note__ > 1. Felicity Barringer, "Fear of Chernobyl Radiation Lingers for the people \ of Kiev," //New York Times,// May 23, 1998, \ """https://ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/docview/426829329?accountid=8172""" > ... > __Bibliography__ > Barringer, Felicity. "Fear of Chernobyl Radiation Lingers for the people \ of Kiev." //New York Times,// May 23, 1998. \ """https://ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/docview/426829329?accountid=8172""" <<AnswerStatus "en_style_chicago_quotvpara_07" "fixed" >>! Is this plagiarism? Copying a direct quotation into your paper, placing quotation marks around it, \ and crediting the source. > "At the end of the Middle Ages, leprosy disappeared from the Western world" \ (Foucault 3). > ... > Works Cited: > <span class="hanging_indent">Foucault, Michel. //Madness and Civilization.// \ Random House, 1965.</span> <<AnswerChoices "en_style_mla_plagiarism_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_mla_plagiarism_01_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_mla_plagiarism_01_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect This is not plagiarism. Copying information word-for-word from a source is okay as long as you put \ quotation marks around the copied information and give credit to the source. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_plagiarism_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism because there are quotation marks around \ the copied information and the source is credited. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_plagiarism_01" "correct" >>! Is this plagiarism? How about this? Taking someone's ideas or words, putting them into your own words, and crediting \ the source. > Leprosy was eradicated in the west by the end of medieval times (Foucault 3). > ... > Works Cited: > <span class="hanging_indent">Foucault, Michel. //Madness and Civilization.// \ Random House, 1965.</span> <<AnswerChoices "en_style_mla_plagiarism_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_mla_plagiarism_02_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_mla_plagiarism_02_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is not plagiarism: it's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_plagiarism_02" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism. It's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_plagiarism_02" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > Bram Stoker is the author of //Dracula//. ''Sentence B'' > Bram Stoker's death certificate suggests that he died of tertiary syphilis. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_mla_knowledge_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_mla_knowledge_01_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "en_style_mla_knowledge_01_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_knowledge_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this journal article: > Fry, Carol L., and John Robert Craig. "'Unfit for Earth, Undoomed for Heaven': \ The Genesis of Coppola's Byronic Dracula." //Literature and Film Quarterly//, \ vol. 30, no. 4, 1994, pp. 271-78. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_knowledge_01" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > Shakespeare probably earned about 200 pounds a year from his work in the \ theatre. ''Sentence B'' > William Shakespeare was born in England in the 16th century. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_mla_knowledge_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_mla_knowledge_02_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "en_style_mla_knowledge_02_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this book: > Hyland, Peter. //An Introduction to Shakespeare: The Dramatist in His \ Context//. St. Martin's Press, 1996. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_knowledge_02" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_knowledge_02" "incorrect" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > Tolkien's //The Hobbit//, published in 1937, was originally written for \ Tolkien's own children. ''Sentence B'' > J.R.R. Tolkien is the author of //The Lord Of The Rings//. <<AnswerChoices "en_style_mla_knowledge_03" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_mla_knowledge_03_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "en_style_mla_knowledge_03_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this website: > Wood, Ralph C. "Biography of J.R.R. Tolkein." //LeadershipU//, \ """http://www.learderu.com/humanities/wood-biography.html""". <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_knowledge_03" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_knowledge_03" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences Maybe it would help to show the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, and \ how to do each correctly using MLA style. > In //The Pastures of Heaven//, readers first see the natural and poetic use \ of language familiar in Steinbeck's greatest works.! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting A quotation uses exactly the same words as those found in the source material \ and puts them in quotation marks. Here's what a quotation looks like with a \ proper in-text reference in MLA style: > "In //The Pastures of Heaven//, readers first see the natural and poetic use \ of language familiar in Steinbeck's greatest works" (Burkhead 17). > ... > Works Cited: > <span class="hanging_indent">Burkhead, Cynthia. \ //Student Companion to John Steinbeck.// Greenwood, 2002.</span>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing A paraphrase is another author’s ideas expressed //in your own words//&mdash;\ without quotation marks, since it's no longer a word-for-word quotation. And \ just changing a few words from the original doesn't count! > The first use of Steinbeck's works to use language in the poetic way for which \ he became famous is //The Pastures of Heaven// (Burkhead 17). > ... > Works Cited: > <span class="hanging_indent">Burkhead, Cynthia. \ //Student Companion to John Steinbeck.// Greenwood, 2002.</span>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Let's look at an example in context: > Steinbeck's early works betray an undeveloped style. ''In //The Pastures of \ Heaven//, readers first see the natural and poetic use of language familiar in \ Steinbeck's greatest works.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "en_style_mla_quotvpara_04" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_mla_quotvpara_04_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_mla_quotvpara_04_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Good catch! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation marks \ and the source is not cited! <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_quotvpara_04" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Oh yes, it is! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation \ marks and the source is not cited. <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_quotvpara_04" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to quote without plagiarising. > Steinbeck's early works betray an undeveloped style. ''In //The Pastures of \ Heaven//, readers first see the natural and poetic use of language familiar in \ Steinbeck's greatest works.'' <<AnswerChoices "en_style_mla_quotvpara_05" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_mla_quotvpara_05_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > Steinbeck's early works betray an undeveloped style. ''"In //The Pastures of \ Heaven//, readers first see the natural and poetic use of language familiar in \ Steinbeck's greatest works"'' (Burkhead 17). > ... > Works Cited: > <span class="hanging_indent">Burkhead, Cynthia. \ //Student Companion to John Steinbeck.// Greenwood, 2002.</span> <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_quotvpara_05" "fixed" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing > Steinbeck's early works betray an undeveloped style. ''The first of \ Steinbeck's works to use language in the poetic way for which he became famous \ is //The Pastures of Heaven//.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "en_style_mla_quotvpara_06" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_mla_quotvpara_06_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "en_style_mla_quotvpara_06_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Definitely. The author has used their own words and sentence structure but \ forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_quotvpara_06" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, it IS plagiarism. Although they used their own words and sentence \ structure, they have forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_quotvpara_06" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to paraphrase without plagiarising. > Steinbeck's early works betray an undeveloped style. ''The first of \ Steinbeck's works to use language in the poetic way for which he became famous \ is //The Pastures of Heaven//.'' <<AnswerChoices "en_style_mla_quotvpara_07" $next_common_passage "hide" "en_style_mla_quotvpara_07_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > Steinbeck's early works betray an undeveloped style. ''The first of \ Steinbeck's works to use language in the poetic way for which he became famous \ is //The Pastures of Heaven//'' (Burkhead 17). > ... > Works Cited: > <span class="hanging_indent">Burkhead, Cynthia. \ //Student Companion to John Steinbeck.// Greenwood, 2002.</span> <<AnswerStatus "en_style_mla_quotvpara_07" "fixed" >>! Tutorial Usage and Licensing Thank you for your interest in Acadia's Information Literacy Online \ modules&mdash;a series of tutorials developed by librarians in the \ [[Vaughan Memorial Library|https://library.acadiau.ca]] at Acadia University. \ Acadia's librarians use these modules to teach basic research skills to students \ and to supplement one-on-one and in-class information literacy instruction. Anyone is permitted to access, display, print, or embed these tutorials for \ non-commercial research and educational purposes. Commercial use, however, is \ not permitted. With the exception of audio, image, stylesheet and story format files found in \ the {{{/assets}}} and {{{/sugarcube}}} directories, //You Quote It, You Note It!// \ is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 \ International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). To view a copy of this license, visit \ [[https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/]] or send a letter to \ Creative Commons, PO Box 1866, Mountain View, CA 94042, USA. Comments or questions regarding //You Quote It, You Note It!// should be emailed to: \ [[information.literacy.online@acadiau.ca|mailto:information.literacy.online@acadiau.ca]]. <div class="passage_link"><<back $common_phrases["linktext_previous"]>></div><<set $common_phrases = { title: "Vous le citez, vous le notez!", label_APA: "APA", label_ASA: "Méthode auteur-date", label_Chicago: "Méthode traditionnelle", label_MLA: "MLA", linktext_previous: "< Précédent", linktext_next: "Suivant >", linktext_restart: "Recommencez le tutoriel", linktext_license: "Licence et utilisation", linktext_feedback: "Donnez vos commentaires" } >>! Introduction Bienvenue au tutoriel <em>You Quote It, You Note It!</em> Ce tutoriel \ explique ce qu’est la citation, ainsi que quand et comment citer correctement \ vos sources. Il explique aussi le concept de plagiat, afin que vous compreniez \ comment éviter de plagier le travail des autres. Il vous faudra environ 10 \ minutes pour suivre le tutoriel. Mais d’abord, quel est votre nom? <<textbox "$student" "">> <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_settings_01">>! Préférences de lecture Ensuite, choisissez les options de texte avec lesquelles vous êtes plus à l’aise. !! Style <label class="settings_selector font_family_mixed"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_family" "font_family_mixed" autocheck>> <span class="pseudo_heading">Mixte</span> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_family_sans"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_family" "font_family_sans" autocheck>> Sans sérif \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_family_serif"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_family" "font_family_serif" autocheck>> Avec sérif \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_family_dyslexic"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_family" "font_family_dyslexic" autocheck>> Dyslexique \ </label> !! Taille <label class="settings_selector font_size_regular"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_size" "font_size_regular" autocheck>> Normal \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_size_large"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_size" "font_size_large" autocheck>> Grand \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_size_extralarge"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_size" "font_size_extralarge" autocheck>> Très grand \ </label> <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_settings_02">>! Préférences pour l’avatar Finalement, choisissez un avatar. !! Personnage <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['persona']" "person" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['persona']" "male" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "male">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['persona']" "female" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "female">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['persona']" "smiley" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "smiley">> \ </label> !! Teint de la peau <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3fb" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3fb">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3fc" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3fc">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3fd" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3fd">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3fe" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3fe">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3ff" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3ff">> \ </label> <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_citation_00">>! Citation <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_citation_01">>! Qu’est-ce que la citation? La citation c’est le processus de documentation des sources que vous utilisez \ dans vos écrits. Une source est tout matériel (un livre, un article, une vidéo, \ etc.) auquel vous empruntez des idées lorsque vous rédigez un texte. Les détails \ précis de la manière dont vous citez vos sources dépendent du style de citation \ que vous utilisez, mais généralement, toute citation comprend deux parties&nbsp;: \ une citation dans le texte (une note dans le corps de votre texte) et une entrée \ bibliographique (une note plus longue à la fin de votre texte). <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_citation_02">>! Citation Il existe de nombreux styles de citation différents, mais en voici quelques-uns \ des plus communs&nbsp;: !! APA Ce style émane de la psychologie, mais est largement utilisé dans les sciences \ sociales et les sciences. Si vous ne savez pas quel style choisir, essayez celui-ci. !! MLA Ce style est géré par la Modern Language Association et est utilisé \ principalement dans les langues et la littérature. Étudiants en anglais&nbsp;: celui-ci \ est pour vous. !! Méthode traditionnelle Voici un exemple de style bibliographique pour les travaux en français. !! Méthode auteur-date Ce style est semblable au style APA, un style principalement associé aux travaux \ de langue anglaise. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_citation_03">>! Citation Commençons par choisir le style qui vous sera montré au cours de ce tutoriel. <<back "< Retour">> \ <<link "APA" "fr_common_citation_04">><<set $style = "APA">><</link>> \ <<link "MLA" "fr_common_citation_04">><<set $style = "MLA">><</link>> \ <<link "Méthode traditionnelle" "fr_common_citation_04">><<set $style = "Chicago">><</link>> \ <<link "Méthode auteur-date" "fr_common_citation_04">><<set $style = "ASA">><</link>>! Citation Maintenant que vous avez choisi le style de citation, approfondissons un peu \ plus le sujet. Pourquoi citer les sources? <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_citation_05">>! Citation Bien que l’écriture puisse souvent paraître comme une activité solitaire, une \ bonne écriture académique est en fait une conversation asynchrone qui fait appel \ à de nombreuses parties. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_citation_06">>! Citation Une des parties c’est vous, l’auteur. Vous écrivez vos idées sur papier (ou sur \ un écran), mais ces pensées ne se sont pas développées dans votre cerveau à \ partir de rien. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_citation_07">>! Citation Vous avez reçu des idées d’autres chercheurs. Dans un certain sens, ils vous ont \ parlé. Ils font partie de la conversation. Et puis il y a les personnes à qui \ vous parlerez par l’entremise de vos écrits – des personnes qui ajouteront vos \ pensées et vos idées (et, par extension, les pensées et idées de tous les \ auteurs que vous lisez) à leurs propres idées. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_citation_08">>! Citation La citation des sources est d’une importance fondamentale pour cette \ conversation. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_citation_09">>! Citation Si vous citez bien vos sources, vous pouvez rapidement fournir un contexte \ important pour votre recherche et mener vos lecteurs vers les recherches sur \ lesquelles vous vous êtes appuyés pour faire votre travail. Vos lecteurs peuvent \ ensuite prendre en considération les idées qui ont précédé les vôtres, ce qui \ leur permet de contribuer à la conversation. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_citation_10">>! Citation C’est cette conversation qui fait avancer toute la recherche. Les chercheurs \ commentent les travaux des autres, s’informent les uns les autres et génèrent de \ nouvelles et meilleures idées dans un domaine en particulier. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_citation_11">>! Citation En ce sens, citer correctement vos sources est un magnifique cadeau pour les \ futurs chercheurs. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_citation_12">>! Citation Et, en prime, les lecteurs seront plus susceptibles de faire confiance à la \ validité de vos arguments lorsqu’ils sont clairement appuyés par les travaux des \ autres. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_plagiarism_00">>! Plagiat <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_plagiarism_01">>! Plagiat Si toutes ces merveilleuses raisons de citer correctement vos sources ne \ suffisent pas à vous convaincre de le faire, il y a autre chose que vous devez \ savoir. Il y a un nom pour l’acte de ne pas citer correctement vos sources&nbsp;: le \ plagiat. Et le plagiat, c’est un délit académique punissable! <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_plagiarism_02">>! Plagiat Qu’est-ce que le plagiat? Dans l’annuaire de \ [[l’Université Acadia|https://registrar.acadiau.ca/AcademicCalendars.html]], on \ indique que le plagiat consiste à&nbsp;: «&nbsp;the act of presenting the ideas or words \ of another as one's own&nbsp;» (p. 37). Il est tout à fait normal d’utiliser des idées ou des mots d’un autre écrivain \ dans un travail universitaire, mais vous devez l’indiquer clairement lorsque \ vous le faites. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_plagiarism_03">>! Plagiat Présenter un même travail dans plus d'un cours ou dans plus d'un contexte (par \ exemple, dans deux revues) sans dévoiler qu'il a été utilisé ailleurs consiste \ d'une malhonnêteté intellectuelle qui s'appelle l'autoplagiat. Si vous désirez \ soumettre un même devoir à deux professeur.e.s différent.e.s, pour éviter \ l'autoplagiat vous devez demander et recevoir leur autorisation. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_plagiarism_04">>! Plagiat Si vous faites du plagiat, vous pourriez faire face à diverses sanctions, y \ compris&nbsp;: * Échouer votre devoir * Échouer votre cours * Être expulser de l’Université <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_plagiarism_05">>! Plagiat Si vous citez correctement, vous rédigerez un meilleur texte et éviterez des \ ennuis. Et cela aidera les futurs chercheurs aussi! Tout le monde est gagnant \ avec une citation appropriée. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_plagiarism_06">>! Plagiat Maintenant, allons voir si vous pouvez identifier des cas de plagiat. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_plagiarism_07">><<set $next_common_passage = "fr_common_plagiarism_08">> <<set $include_passage = "fr_style_" + $style.toLowerCase() + "_plagiarism_01">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "fr_common_tip_01">> <<set $include_passage = "fr_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_plagiarism_02">> <<include $include_passage>>! Conseil no. 1 Paraphraser incorrectement, c’est encore du plagiat. Pour paraphraser \ correctement, vous devez&nbsp;: <<nobr>> <<switch $style.toLowerCase()>> <<case "apa">> <<set _txt = "une référence dans le texte ET dans votre bibliographie">> <<case "asa">> <<set _txt = "une référence dans le texte ET dans votre bibliographie">> <<case "chicago">> <<set _txt = "une note de bas de page dans le texte ET dans votre bibliographie">> <<case "mla">> <<set _txt = "une référence dans le texte ET dans votre bibliographie">> <</switch>> <</nobr>> # Vraiment utiliser vos propres mots et votre propre structure de phrase. Ne \ changez pas seulement quelques mots; # Citer la source avec <<print _txt>>. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_tip_02">>! Conseil no. 2 Il ne suffit pas de seulement placer des guillemets autour d’une citation! <<nobr>> <<switch $style>> <<case "APA">> <<set _txt = "une référence dans le texte ET citer la source intégralement dans votre bibliographie">> <<case "ASA">> <<set _txt = "une référence dans le texte ET citer la source intégralement dans votre bibliographie">> <<case "Chicago">> <<set _txt = "une note de bas de page ET citer la source intégralement dans votre bibliographie">> <<case "MLA">> <<set _txt = "une référence dans le texte ET citer la source intégralement dans votre bibliographie">> <</switch>> <</nobr>> Vous devez encore insérer <<print _txt>>. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_knowledge_00">>! Connaissances communes <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_knowledge_01">>! Connaissances communes Il n’est pas nécessaire de citer les connaissances communes. Mais que sont les \ connaissances communes exactement? Les connaissances communes sont les faits qui sont généralement connus de tous \ (connaissances communes générales) ou dans une discipline particulière \ (connaissances communes propres à une discipline). <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_knowledge_02">>! Connaissances communes Les connaissances communes générales comprennent des choses comme des faits de \ base sur des personnes célèbres (Mozart est né en 1756), des événements \ historiques bien connus (le Canada a remporté la Série du siècle 1972) ou des \ faits scientifiques (le sel de table est du chlorure de sodium). D’après \ l’exemple de la Série du siècle 1972, il doit être clair que ce qui représente \ des connaissances communes générales dans une culture ou dans un pays ne l’est \ pas nécessairement dans une autre culture ou un autre pays, donc il est \ important de tenir compte du contexte du lectorat que vous visez. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_knowledge_03">>! Connaissances communes Les connaissances communes propres à une discipline font référence à des faits \ de base qui sont généralement connus seulement par des gens qui connaissent bien \ la discipline en question, et pas nécessairement par tout le monde. Par exemple, \ une référence au principe zéro de la thermodynamique n’aurait pas besoin d’être \ citée dans un article de physique parce que le principe est bien connu des \ physiciens. Elle aurait cependant besoin d’être citée dans un article destiné à \ un public non spécialisé qui ne le connaîtrait pas. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_knowledge_04">>! Connaissances communes En cas de doute, citez! Il est toujours plus sûr de citer quelque chose qui n’a \ pas besoin d’être cité que de ne pas citer quelque chose qui a besoin d’être \ cité! <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_knowledge_05">><<set $next_common_passage = "fr_common_knowledge_06">> <<set $include_passage = "fr_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_knowledge_01">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "fr_common_knowledge_07">> /* next passage exception for ASA style content which does not have a third common knowledge element, thus "fr_common_knowledge_07" must be skipped. */ <<if $style.toLowerCase() == "asa">> <<set $next_common_passage = "fr_common_quotvpara_00">> <</if>> <<set $include_passage = "fr_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_knowledge_02">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "fr_common_tip_03">> <<set $include_passage = "fr_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_knowledge_03">> <<include $include_passage>>! Conseil no. 3 Même si vous trouvez quelque chose en ligne, vous devez le citer! En ce qui concerne le plagiat, l’utilisation de choses provenant du Web n’est \ pas différente de l’utilisation de sources&nbsp;: vous devez toujours citer la \ source. Ce n’est pas parce que quelque chose est publiquement disponible sur le \ Web qu’il est dans le domaine public. Et même s’il l’est, vous devez quand même \ le citer. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_tip_04">>! Conseil no. 4 Commencez vos recherches tôt! Il est important de vous donner beaucoup de temps pour faire votre recherche \ avant la date limite de votre travail. Cela peut prendre du temps pour trouver \ les meilleures ressources pour appuyer vos arguments, et vous constaterez \ peut-être que vos arguments changent à mesure que vous faites des recherches et \ que vous en apprenez davantage sur votre sujet. Assurez-vous donc de commencer \ vos recherches bien avant la date limite de votre travail. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_quotvpara_00">>! La citation vs la paraphrase <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_quotvpara_01">>! La citation vs la paraphrase Citer, c’est copier une source exactement, mot pour mot. Une citation directe \ est placée entre guillemets pour indiquer précisément où elle commence et finit, \ et la source est toujours citée. Paraphraser, c’est prendre de l’information d’une source et la reformuler dans \ vos propres mots. Une paraphrase n’est pas placée entre guillemets parce que ce \ n’est pas une reproduction exacte, mais la source doit quand même être citée. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_quotvpara_02">>! La citation vs la paraphrase Comment savoir si vous devez citer ou paraphraser une source? La citation est nécessaire seulement lorsque les mots exacts de la source sont \ importants. Par exemple, si vous écrivez un article en anglais dans lequel vous \ analysez les mots et les phrases qu’un auteur utilise, il est utile pour votre \ lectorat de citer directement ces mots et ces phrases. Les autres situations dans lesquelles il est préférable de citer plutôt que de \ paraphraser, quelle que soit la discipline, sont celles où la langue de la \ source originale est très bien connue ou historiquement significative (p. ex.&nbsp;: \ «&nbsp;être ou ne pas être&nbsp;») ou si l’extrait est si bien rédigé que toute tentative \ de le paraphraser diminuerait ou changerait son sens. Ces situations sont rares, donc en dehors de l’essai littéraire, vous devez \ normalement choisir la paraphrase plutôt que la citation. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_quotvpara_03">>! La citation vs la paraphrase Citez si les mots exacts de la source importent. Paraphrasez si ce n’est que l’idée exprimée par la source qui importe. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_quotvpara_04">><<set $include_passage = "fr_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_01_include">> <<include $include_passage>> <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_quotvpara_05">><<set $include_passage = "fr_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_02_include">> <<include $include_passage>> <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_quotvpara_06">><<set $include_passage = "fr_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_03_include">> <<include $include_passage>> <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_quotvpara_07">><<set $next_common_passage = "fr_common_quotvpara_08">> <<set $include_passage = "fr_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_04">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "fr_common_quotvpara_09">> <<set $include_passage = "fr_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_05">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "fr_common_quotvpara_10">> <<set $include_passage = "fr_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_06">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "fr_common_tip_05">> <<set $include_passage = "fr_style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_07">> <<include $include_passage>>! Conseil no. 5 Utilisez les citations directes avec modération. La majorité de votre travail \ devrait être rédigé dans vos propres mots. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_tip_06">>! Conseil no. 6 Si vous n’êtes pas sûr de savoir si vous devez citer quelque chose, ou quand ou \ comment le faire, consultez un guide de citation, ou demandez à votre professeur \ ou à un bibliothécaire. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_tip_07">>! Conseil no. 7 Documentez vos sources immédiatement au fur et à mesure que vous faites vos \ recherches. De cette façon, lorsque vous rédigez votre texte, vous saurez \ toujours d’où vient cette citation parfaite. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_zotero_00">>! Zotero <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_zotero_01">>! Zotero * Zotero est un outil de gestion des citations qui peut vous aider à suivre, \ organiser et citer vos sources. * Cet outil est un logiciel libre et gratuit, donc vous pouvez vous en servir \ même après que vous quittez l’Université Acadia. * Visitez [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/zotero]] pour en apprendre davantage et \ pour obtenir de l’aide pour installer Zotero sur votre ordinateur. * Si vous avez besoin d’aide, notre équipe est là pour vous! Envoyez un courriel \ à l’adresse [[ref-desk@acadiau.ca|mailto:ref-desk@acadiau.ca]]. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_outro_00">>! Pour terminer <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_outro_01">>! Merci d’avoir suivi le tutoriel! Nous espérons que vous avez appris les bases de la citation et comment éviter le \ plagiat. * N’oubliez pas que vous pouvez toujours obtenir de l’aide de votre professeur \ ou de la bibliothèque si vous avez des questions. * Vous pouvez aussi obtenir de l’aide en envoyant un courriel à l’adresse \ [[ref-desk@acadiau.ca|mailto:ref-desk@acadiau.ca]]. <<PassagePrevNext "fr_common_outro_02">>! Pour obtenir de l’aide * Chicago [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/chicago-turabian]] * MLA [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/MLA]] * APA [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/apa]] * Writing Centre [[https://writingcentre.acadiau.ca]] * La plagiat [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/plagiarism]] * You Quote It, You Note It Quiz [[https://acorn.acadiau.ca/course/view.php?id=21289]] <<PassagePrevNext "fr_End">>! La fin <<nobr>><div class="certificate"> <<script>>jQuery(this.output).wiki('<div class="grade ' + State.getVar("$grade") + '">' + State.getVar("$grade") + '</div>');<</script>> <div class="remarks"> <<if $student>><<print "<p>" + $student + ":</p>">><</if>> <p>Vous avez répondu correctement à <<print $cnt_answer_correct>> de <<print $cnt_answer_correct + $cnt_answer_incorrect>> questions et complété <<print $cnt_answer_fixed>> X segments «&nbsp;Corriger&nbsp;» dans le tutoriel sur le style de citation <<print $style>>.</p> </div> </div><</nobr>> <<link "Découvrez un autre style de citation" "fr_common_citation_02">><</link>> \ <<link "Recommencez le tutoriel">><<script>>Engine.restart();<</script>><</link>>! Est-ce du plagiat? Copier une citation directe dans votre document, la placer entre guillemets et \ indiquer la source. > Le nid de l’hirondelle «&nbsp;est fait de petites boulettes de boue, recueillies \ par les oiseaux eux-mêmes&nbsp;» (Godfrey, 1979, p. 308). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">Godfrey, W. E. (1979). //Les oiseaux du Canada.// \ Musées nationaux du Canada.</span> <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_apa_plagiarism_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_apa_plagiarism_01_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_apa_plagiarism_01_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Incorrect Ce n’est pas du plagiat. Copier une information mot pour mot d’une source est acceptable si vous placez \ des guillemets autour de l’information copiée et indiquez la source. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_plagiarism_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Ce n’est pas du plagiat parce qu’il y a des guillemets autour \ de l’information copiée et la source est indiquée. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_plagiarism_01" "correct" >>! Est-ce du plagiat? Et cet exemple? Prendre les idées ou les mots de quelqu’un, les mettre dans vos propres mots, et indiquer la source. > Les hirondelles construisent leurs nids avec de la boue (Godfrey, 1979). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">Godfrey, W. E. (1979). //Les oiseaux du Canada.// \ Musées nationaux du Canada.</span> <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_apa_plagiarism_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_apa_plagiarism_02_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_apa_plagiarism_02_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Incorrect En fait, ce n’est pas du plagiat, c’est de la paraphrase. Il est tout à fait acceptable de paraphraser, pourvu que vous indiquiez la \ source et que la paraphrase soit entièrement dans vos mots – changer quelques \ mots ici et là ne suffit pas. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_plagiarism_02" "incorrect" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Ce n’est pas du plagiat. C’est de la paraphrase. Il est tout à fait acceptable de paraphraser, pourvu que vous indiquiez la \ source et que la paraphrase soit entièrement dans vos mots – changer quelques \ mots ici et là ne suffit pas. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_plagiarism_02" "correct" >>! Connaissance commune ou non? Une phrase est une connaissance commune et l’autre ne l’est pas. Choisissez \ celle qui doit être citée. ''Phrase A'' > Les Molsons sont l’une des familles d’affaires les plus influentes du Canada. ''Phrase B'' > La première marque moderne de Molson, Export Ale, a vu le jour en 1903. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_apa_knowledge_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_apa_knowledge_01_include_answer_a" "Phrase A" "fr_style_apa_knowledge_01_include_answer_b" "Phrase B" >>!! Incorrect En fait, cela est une connaissance commune et n’a pas besoin d’être cité. (Mais \ en cas de doute, c’est mieux de citer que de ne pas le faire.) <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_knowledge_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Il faut le citer. C’est tiré de ce livre&nbsp;: > Hunter, D. (2001). //Molson: The birth of a business empire.// Viking. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_knowledge_01" "correct" >>! Connaissance commune ou non? Une phrase est une connaissance commune et l’autre ne l’est pas. Choisissez \ celle qui doit être citée. ''Phrase A'' > La dévaluation du peso mexicain en 1994 a sérieusement nui aux marchés \ financiers du pays. ''Phrase B'' > Le peso est la monnaie utilisée au Mexique. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_apa_knowledge_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_apa_knowledge_02_include_answer_a" "Phrase A" "fr_style_apa_knowledge_02_include_answer_b" "Phrase B" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Il faut le citer. C’est tiré de cet article de revue&nbsp;: > Goldberg, C.S. & Veitch, J.M. (2003). Exchange rate crisis and firm values: \ A case study of Mexico's tequila crisis. //Journal of American Academy of \ Business//, 2(2), 545-549. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_knowledge_02" "correct" >>!! Incorrect En fait, cela est une connaissance commune et n’a pas besoin d’être cité. (Mais \ en cas de doute, c’est mieux de citer que de ne pas le faire.) <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_knowledge_02" "incorrect" >>! Connaissance commune ou non? Une phrase est une connaissance commune et l’autre ne l’est pas. Choisissez \ celle qui doit être citée. ''Phrase A'' > La baisse d’impôts du gouvernement du Canada en 2001 a incité la Banque du \ Canada à réduire les taux d’intérêt. ''Phrase B'' > La Banque du Canada règlemente les taux d’intérêt. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_apa_knowledge_03" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_apa_knowledge_03_include_answer_a" "Phrase A" "fr_style_apa_knowledge_03_include_answer_b" "Phrase B" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Il faut le citer. C’est tiré de cet article&nbsp;: > Manley, J. (2003, avril 12). Statement prepared for the International Monetary \ Fund. """http://www.fin.gc.ca/news03/03-024e.html""". <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_knowledge_03" "correct" >>!! Incorrect En fait, cela est une connaissance commune et n’a pas besoin d’être cité. (Mais \ en cas de doute, c’est mieux de citer que de ne pas le faire.) <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_knowledge_03" "incorrect" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences Il serait peut-être utile de montrer la différence entre la citation et la \ paraphrase, et comment faire les deux correctement au moyen du style APA. Imaginez que vous aimeriez utiliser dans votre essai ce passage provenant d’un \ livre sur les hirondelles. > Les nids sont rapprochés les uns des autres et fixés aux parois à pic des \ falaises et des canons; dans l’Est cependant, cette Hirondelle a pris l’habitude \ de fixer son nid aux édifices, particulièrement sous les avant-toit, sur les \ ponts de béton et sous les ponceaux.! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La citation Une citation utilise exactement les mêmes mots que ceux trouvés dans le matériel \ source et les met entre guillemets. Voici à quoi ressemble une citation avec une \ référence textuelle correcte dans le style APA&nbsp;: > «&nbsp;Les nids sont rapprochés les uns des autres et fixés aux parois à pic des \ falaises et des canons; dans l’Est cependant, cette Hirondelle a pris l’habitude \ de fixer son nid aux édifices, particulièrement sous les avant-toit, sur les \ ponts de béton et sous les ponceaux&nbsp;» (Godfrey, 1979, p. 308). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">Godfrey, W. E. (1979). //Les oiseaux du Canada.// \ Musées nationaux du Canada.</span>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La paraphrase Une paraphrase, c’est une idée d’un autre auteur exprimée //dans vos propres \ mots//. Une paraphrase n’est pas entre guillemets, parce qu’il ne s’agit pas \ d’une citation mot pour mot. Et le simple fait de changer quelques mots par \ rapport à l’original ne suffit pas! > On peut retrouver des nids d’hirondelles à divers endroits, comme sur des pics \ de falaise et même des édifices (Godfrey, 1979). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">Godfrey, W. E. (1979). //Les oiseaux du Canada//. \ Musées nationaux du Canada.</span>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La citation Maintenant que vous connaissez la différence entre citer et paraphraser, \ assurons-nous que vous pouvez le faire correctement dans un travail réel. \ Imaginez que ceci est votre texte&nbsp;: > Les nids des hirondelles ont habituellement un toit et un couloir circulaire. \ ''Les nids sont rapprochés les uns des autres et fixés aux parois à pic des \ falaises et des canons; dans l’Est cependant, cette Hirondelle a pris l’habitude \ de fixer son nid aux édifices, particulièrement sous les avant-toit, sur les \ ponts de béton et sous les ponceaux.'' Est-ce du plagiat? <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_04" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_04_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_04_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Correct Bien joué! C’est du plagiat parce que la citation n’est pas entre guillemets et \ la source n’est pas citée! <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_04" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Oh oui, ça l’est! C’est du plagiat parce que la citation n’est pas entre \ guillemets et la source n’est pas citée. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_04" "incorrect" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La citation Revisions Cliquez sur «&nbsp;Corriger&nbsp;» pour voir comment citer sans plagier. > Les nids des hirondelles ont habituellement un toit et un couloir circulaire. \ ''Les nids sont rapprochés les uns des autres et fixés aux parois à pic des \ falaises et des canons; dans l’Est cependant, cette Hirondelle a pris l’habitude \ de fixer son nid aux édifices, particulièrement sous les avant-toit, sur les \ ponts de béton et sous les ponceaux.'' <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_05" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_05_include_answer_fix" "Corriger" >>!! Corrigé > Les nids des hirondelles ont habituellement un toit et un couloir circulaire. \ ''«&nbsp;Les nids sont rapprochés les uns des autres et fixés aux parois à pic des \ falaises et des canons; dans l’Est cependant, cette Hirondelle a pris l’habitude \ de fixer son nid aux édifices, particulièrement sous les avant-toit, sur les \ ponts de béton et sous les ponceaux&nbsp;» (Godfrey, 1979, p. 308).'' > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">Godfrey, W. E. (1979). //Les oiseaux du Canada//. \ Musées nationaux du Canada.</span> <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_05" "fixed" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La paraphrase > Les nids des hirondelles ont habituellement un toit et un couloir circulaire. \ ''Ils sont rapprochés les uns des autres et fixés à divers endroits, comme aux \ falaises et même aux édifices.'' Est-ce du plagiat? <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_06" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_06_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_06_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Correct Sans aucun doute. L’auteur a employé ses propres mots et structure de phrase, \ mais a oublié de citer la source! <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_06" "correct" >>!! Incorrect En fait, c’est du plagiat. Même s’ils ont utilisé leurs propres mots et \ structure de phrase, ils ont oublié de citer la source! <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_06" "incorrect" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! Révision &ndash; paraphrase Cliquez sur «&nbsp;Corriger&nbsp;» pour voir comment paraphraser sans plagier. > Les nids des hirondelles ont habituellement un toit et un couloir circulaire. \ ''Ils sont rapprochés les uns des autres et fixés à divers endroits, comme aux \ falaises et même aux édifices.'' <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_07" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_07_include_answer_fix" "Corriger" >>!! Corrigé > Les nids des hirondelles ont habituellement un toit et un couloir circulaire. \ ''Ils sont rapprochés les uns des autres et fixés à divers endroits, comme aux \ falaises et même aux édifices'' (Godfrey, 1979). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">Godfrey, W. E. (1979). //Les oiseaux du Canada.// \ Musées nationaux du Canada.</span> <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_apa_quotvpara_07" "fixed" >>! Est-ce du plagiat? Copier une citation directe dans votre document, la placer entre guillemets et \ indiquer la source. > «&nbsp;L’enfant qui présente un déficit d’attention oublie des choses qu’il a déjà \ apprises, il évite, il exprime une réticence ou a de la difficulté à s’engager \ dans des tâches qui demandent un effort&nbsp;» (Lussier, 2011, p. 81) > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">LUSSIER, Francine (2011). \ //100 idées pour mieux gérer les troubles de l’attention,// Paris&nbsp;: Éditions \ Tom Pousse, 169 p.</span> <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_asa_plagiarism_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_asa_plagiarism_01_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_asa_plagiarism_01_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Incorrect Ce n’est pas du plagiat. Copier une information mot pour mot d’une source est acceptable si vous placez \ des guillemets autour de l’information copiée et indiquez la source. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_plagiarism_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Ce n’est pas du plagiat parce qu’il y a des guillemets autour \ de l’information copiée et la source est indiquée. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_plagiarism_01" "correct" >>! Est-ce du plagiat? Et cet exemple? Prendre les idées ou les mots de quelqu’un, les mettre dans vos propres mots, et indiquer la source. > Un enfant ayant un déficit d’attention peut présenter divers symptômes, y \ compris oublier des choses apprises ou éviter certaines choses (Lussier, 2011). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">LUSSIER, Francine (2011). \ //100 idées pour mieux gérer les troubles de l’attention,// Paris&nbsp;: Éditions \ Tom Pousse, 169 p.</span> <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_asa_plagiarism_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_asa_plagiarism_02_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_asa_plagiarism_02_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Incorrect En fait, ce n’est pas du plagiat, c’est de la paraphrase. Il est tout à fait acceptable de paraphraser, pourvu que vous indiquiez la \ source et que la paraphrase soit entièrement dans vos mots – changer quelques \ mots ici et là ne suffit pas. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_plagiarism_02" "incorrect" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Ce n’est pas du plagiat. C’est de la paraphrase. Il est tout à fait acceptable de paraphraser, pourvu que vous indiquiez la \ source et que la paraphrase soit entièrement dans vos mots – changer quelques \ mots ici et là ne suffit pas. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_plagiarism_02" "correct" >>! Connaissance commune ou non? Une phrase est une connaissance commune et l’autre ne l’est pas. Choisissez \ celle qui doit être citée. ''Phrase A'' > Il y a des enfants qui vivent dans la pauvreté au Canada. ''Phrase B'' > La Nouvelle-Écosse est la seule province qui a connu une augmentation de la \ pauvreté des enfants entre 2015 et 2017. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_asa_knowledge_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_asa_knowledge_01_include_answer_a" "Phrase A" "fr_style_asa_knowledge_01_include_answer_b" "Phrase B" >>!! Incorrect En fait, cela est une connaissance commune et n’a pas besoin d’être cité. (Mais \ en cas de doute, c’est mieux de citer que de ne pas le faire.) <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_knowledge_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Il faut le citer. C’est tiré de ce rapport&nbsp;: > FRANK, Lesley et Laura FISHER (janvier 2020). //2019 Report Card on Child and \ Family Poverty in Nova Scotia: Three Decades Lost.//, 49 p. \[Rapport du Centre \ canadien de politiques alternatives\]. \["""https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/2019-report-card-child-and-family-poverty-nova-scotia"""\] \ (Consulté le 10 décembre 2020). <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_knowledge_01" "correct" >>! Connaissance commune ou non? Une phrase est une connaissance commune et l’autre ne l’est pas. Choisissez \ celle qui doit être citée. ''Phrase A'' > Contrairement au mouvement des droits civiques, dont le leadership féminin est \ passé au second plan au profit des hommes, le mouvement Les vies noires comptent \ (Black Lives Matter) a été fondé par trois organisatrices communautaires&nbsp;: \ Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors et Opal Tometi. ''Phrase B'' > Les vies noires comptent (Black Lives Matter) est un mouvement antiraciste. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_asa_knowledge_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_asa_knowledge_02_include_answer_a" "Phrase A" "fr_style_asa_knowledge_02_include_answer_b" "Phrase B" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Il faut le citer. C’est tiré de cet article de revue&nbsp;: > JONES-EVERSLEY, Sharon, et collab. (2017). «&nbsp;Protesting Black Inequality: A \ Commentary on the Civil Rights Movement and Black Lives Matter&nbsp;», //Journal of \ Community Practice//, vol. 25, nos 3-4, p. 309-324. doi&nbsp;: \ 10.1080/10705422.2017.1367343. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_knowledge_02" "correct" >>!! Incorrect En fait, cela est une connaissance commune et n’a pas besoin d’être cité. (Mais \ en cas de doute, c’est mieux de citer que de ne pas le faire.) <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_knowledge_02" "incorrect" >>/* NOT USED IN ASA CONTENT See storyinclude_common.tw::fr_common_knowledge_06 for next-passage exception. *//* NOT USED IN ASA CONTENT See storyinclude_common.tw::fr_common_knowledge_06 for next-passage exception. *//* NOT USED IN ASA CONTENT See storyinclude_common.tw::fr_common_knowledge_06 for next-passage exception. */! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences Il serait peut-être utile de montrer la différence entre la citation et la \ paraphrase, et comment faire les deux correctement au moyen de la méthode \ auteur-date. Voici un passage d’un livre que vous pourriez utiliser dans votre travail&nbsp;: > Il faut garder à l’esprit que l’enfant aux prises avec un déficit d’attention \ ne fait jamais exprès de perdre ses affaires, d’oublier de vérifier, de se \ perdre dans son imagination débordante.! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La citation Une citation utilise exactement les mêmes mots que ceux trouvés dans le matériel \ source et les met entre guillemets. Voici à quoi ressemble une citation avec une \ référence textuelle correcte dans la méthode auteur-date&nbsp;: > «&nbsp;Il faut garder à l’esprit que l’enfant aux prises avec un déficit \ d’attention ne fait jamais exprès de perdre ses affaires, d’oublier de vérifier, \ de se perdre dans son imagination débordante&nbsp;» (Lussier, 2011, p. 81). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">LUSSIER, Francine (2011). //100 idées pour mieux \ gérer les troubles de l’attention//, Paris&nbsp;: Éditions Tom Pousse, 169 p.</span>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La paraphrase Une paraphrase, c’est une idée d’un autre auteur exprimée //dans vos propres \ mots//. Une paraphrase n’est pas entre guillemets, parce qu’il ne s’agit pas \ d’une citation mot pour mot. Et le simple fait de changer quelques mots par \ rapport à l’original ne suffit pas! > Il ne faut pas oublier que lorsqu’un enfant avec un déficit d’attention perd \ ses affaires ou se perd dans son imagination, il ne le fait pas par exprès \ (Lussier, 2011). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">LUSSIER, Francine (2011). //100 idées pour mieux \ gérer les troubles de l’attention//, Paris&nbsp;: Éditions Tom Pousse, 169 p.</span>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La citation Maintenant que vous connaissez la différence entre citer et paraphraser, \ assurons-nous que vous pouvez le faire correctement dans un travail réel. \ Imaginez que ceci est votre texte&nbsp;: > Réprimander l’enfant qui a un déficit d’attention n’améliorera pas à la \ situation. ''Il faut garder à l’esprit que l’enfant aux prises avec un déficit \ d’attention ne fait jamais exprès de perdre ses affaires, d’oublier de vérifier, \ de se perdre dans son imagination débordante.'' Est-ce du plagiat? <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_04" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_04_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_04_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Correct Bien joué! C’est du plagiat parce que la citation n’est pas entre guillemets et \ la source n’est pas citée! <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_04" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Oh oui, ça l’est! C’est du plagiat parce que la citation n’est pas entre \ guillemets et la source n’est pas citée. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_04" "incorrect" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La citation Revisions Cliquez sur «&nbsp;Corriger&nbsp;» pour voir comment citer sans plagier. > Réprimander l’enfant qui a un déficit d’attention n’améliorera pas à la \ situation. ''Il faut garder à l’esprit que l’enfant aux prises avec un déficit \ d’attention ne fait jamais exprès de perdre ses affaires, d’oublier de vérifier, \ de se perdre dans son imagination débordante.'' <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_05" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_05_include_answer_fix" "Corriger" >>!! Corrigé > Réprimander l’enfant qui a un déficit d’attention n’améliorera pas à la \ situation. ''«&nbsp;Il faut garder à l’esprit que l’enfant aux prises avec un déficit \ d’attention ne fait jamais exprès de perdre ses affaires, d’oublier de vérifier, \ de se perdre dans son imagination débordante&nbsp;» (Lussier, 2011, p. 81).'' > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">LUSSIER, Francine (2011). //100 idées pour mieux \ gérer les troubles de l’attention//, Paris&nbsp;: Éditions Tom Pousse, 169 p.</span> <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_05" "fixed" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La paraphrase > Réprimander l’enfant qui a un déficit d’attention n’améliorera pas à la \ situation. Il ne faut pas oublier que lorsqu’un enfant avec un déficit \ d’attention perd ses affaires ou se perd dans son imagination, il ne le fait pas \ par exprès. Est-ce du plagiat? <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_06" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_06_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_06_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Correct Sans aucun doute. L’auteur a employé ses propres mots et structure de phrase, \ mais a oublié de citer la source! <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_06" "correct" >>!! Incorrect En fait, c’est du plagiat. Même s’ils ont utilisé leurs propres mots et \ structure de phrase, ils ont oublié de citer la source! <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_06" "incorrect" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! Révision &ndash; paraphrase Cliquez sur «&nbsp;Corriger&nbsp;» pour voir comment paraphraser sans plagier. > Réprimander l’enfant qui a un déficit d’attention n’améliorera pas à la \ situation. Il ne faut pas oublier que lorsqu’un enfant avec un déficit \ d’attention perd ses affaires ou se perd dans son imagination, il ne le fait pas \ par exprès. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_07" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_07_include_answer_fix" "Corriger" >>!! Corrigé > Réprimander l’enfant qui a un déficit d’attention n’améliorera pas à la \ situation. Il ne faut pas oublier que lorsqu’un enfant avec un déficit \ d’attention perd ses affaires ou se perd dans son imagination, il ne le fait pas \ par exprès (Lussier, 2011). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">LUSSIER, Francine (2011). //100 idées pour mieux \ gérer les troubles de l’attention//, Paris&nbsp;: Éditions Tom Pousse, 169 p.</span> <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_asa_quotvpara_07" "fixed" >>! Est-ce du plagiat? Copier une citation directe dans votre document, la placer entre guillemets et \ indiquer la source. > «&nbsp;À l’âge classique, inutile de chercher à distinguer les thérapeutiques \ physiques et les médications psychologiques.&nbsp;»<sup>1</sup> > ... > <ol><li>Michel Foucault, //Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique,// Mayenne, \ Gallimard, 1972, p. 359.</li></ol> > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > FOUCAULT, Michel. //Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique,// Mayenne, \ Gallimard, 1972, 613 p. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_chicago_plagiarism_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_chicago_plagiarism_01_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_chicago_plagiarism_01_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Incorrect Ce n’est pas du plagiat. Copier une information mot pour mot d’une source est acceptable si vous placez \ des guillemets autour de l’information copiée et indiquez la source. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_plagiarism_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Ce n’est pas du plagiat parce qu’il y a des guillemets autour \ de l’information copiée et la source est indiquée. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_plagiarism_01" "correct" >>! Est-ce du plagiat? Et cet exemple? Prendre les idées ou les mots de quelqu’un, les mettre dans vos propres mots, et indiquer la source. > Les thérapeutiques physiques et les médications psychologiques étaient \ effectivement identiques à l’âge classique.<sup>1</sup> > ... > <ol><li>Michel Foucault, //Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique,// Mayenne, \ Gallimard, 1972, p. 359.</li></ol> > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > FOUCAULT, Michel. //Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique,// Mayenne, \ Gallimard, 1972, 613 p. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_chicago_plagiarism_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_chicago_plagiarism_02_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_chicago_plagiarism_02_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Incorrect En fait, ce n’est pas du plagiat, c’est de la paraphrase. Il est tout à fait acceptable de paraphraser, pourvu que vous indiquiez la \ source et que la paraphrase soit entièrement dans vos mots – changer quelques \ mots ici et là ne suffit pas. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_plagiarism_02" "incorrect" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Ce n’est pas du plagiat. C’est de la paraphrase. Il est tout à fait acceptable de paraphraser, pourvu que vous indiquiez la \ source et que la paraphrase soit entièrement dans vos mots – changer quelques \ mots ici et là ne suffit pas. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_plagiarism_02" "correct" >>! Connaissance commune ou non? Une phrase est une connaissance commune et l’autre ne l’est pas. Choisissez \ celle qui doit être citée. ''Phrase A'' > Le Canada est devenu une confédération en 1867. ''Phrase B'' > Les universitaires et les politiciens ne s’entendent pas sur la question à \ savoir si la Confédération constitue une loi imposée par la Grande-Bretagne ou \ un accord entre des colonies souveraines. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_01_include_answer_a" "Phrase A" "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_01_include_answer_b" "Phrase B" >>!! Incorrect En fait, cela est une connaissance commune et n’a pas besoin d’être cité. (Mais \ en cas de doute, c’est mieux de citer que de ne pas le faire.) <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Il faut le citer. C’est tiré de ce livre&nbsp;: > BELSHAW, John Douglas. //Canadian History: Post-Confederation.// British \ Columbia, BCcampus, 2016, 800 p. \["""https://open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/textbooks/671"""\] \ (Consulté le 10 décembre 2020). <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_01" "correct" >>! Connaissance commune ou non? Une phrase est une connaissance commune et l’autre ne l’est pas. Choisissez \ celle qui doit être citée. ''Phrase A'' > La dévaluation du peso mexicain en 1994 a sérieusement nui aux marchés \ financiers du pays. ''Phrase B'' > Le peso est la monnaie utilisée au Mexique. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_02_include_answer_a" "Phrase A" "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_02_include_answer_b" "Phrase B" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Il faut le citer. C’est tiré de cet article de revue&nbsp;: > GOLDBERG, Cathy S. et John M. VEITCH. «&nbsp;Exchange rate crisis and firm values: \ A case study of Mexico's tequila crisis.&nbsp;» //Journal of American Academy of \ Business// 2, no 2, 2003, p. 545-549. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_02" "correct" >>!! Incorrect En fait, cela est une connaissance commune et n’a pas besoin d’être cité. (Mais \ en cas de doute, c’est mieux de citer que de ne pas le faire.) <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_02" "incorrect" >>! Connaissance commune ou non? Une phrase est une connaissance commune et l’autre ne l’est pas. Choisissez \ celle qui doit être citée. ''Phrase A'' > La France est le troisième plus grand pays d’Europe. ''Phrase B'' > Paris est la capitale de la France. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_03" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_03_include_answer_a" "Phrase A" "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_03_include_answer_b" "Phrase B" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Il faut le citer. C’est tiré de ce site Web&nbsp;: > CHEPKEMOI, Joyce. «&nbsp;The Largest Countries in Europe&nbsp;», //WorldAtlas//, \[en \ ligne\], le 31 mai 2018. \["""http://worldatlas.com/articles/the-largest-countries-in-europe.html"""\] \ (Consulté le 10 décembre 2020). <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_03" "correct" >>!! Incorrect En fait, cela est une connaissance commune et n’a pas besoin d’être cité. (Mais \ en cas de doute, c’est mieux de citer que de ne pas le faire.) <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_knowledge_03" "incorrect" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences Il serait peut-être utile de montrer la différence entre la citation et la \ paraphrase, et comment faire les deux correctement au moyen de la méthode \ traditionnelle. Imaginez que vous aimeriez utiliser dans votre essai le passage ci-dessous. > Mais dans un cas, il s’agit d’un art de //la transformation des qualités//, \ d’une technique dans laquelle l’essence de la folie est prise comme nature, et \ comme maladie; dans l’autre, il s’agit d’un art du discours, et de la \ //restitution de la vérité//, où la folie vaut comme déraison.! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La citation Une citation utilise exactement les mêmes mots que ceux trouvés dans le matériel \ source et les met entre guillemets. Voici à quoi ressemble une citation avec une \ référence textuelle correcte dans la méthode traditionnelle&nbsp;: > «&nbsp;Mais dans un cas, il s’agit d’un art de //la transformation des qualités//, \ d’une technique dans laquelle l’essence de la folie est prise comme nature, et \ comme maladie; dans l’autre, il s’agit d’un art du discours, et de \ //la restitution de la vérité//, où la folie vaut comme déraison.&nbsp;»<sup>1</sup> > ... > <ol><li>Michel Foucault, //Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique//, Mayenne, \ Gallimard, 1972, p. 359.</li></ol> > ... > __Bibliographie__ > FOUCAULT, Michel. //Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique//, Mayenne, \ Gallimard, 1972, 613 p.! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La paraphrase Une paraphrase, c’est une idée d’un autre auteur exprimée //dans vos propres \ mots//. Une paraphrase n’est pas entre guillemets, parce qu’il ne s’agit pas \ d’une citation mot pour mot. Et le simple fait de changer quelques mots par \ rapport à l’original ne suffit pas! > Dans certains cas, la folie peut être considérée comme une transformation, et \ donc comme une maladie, alors que dans d’autres cas, elle peut être considérée \ comme un rétablissement de la vérité<sup>1</sup>. > ... > <ol><li>Michel Foucault, //Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique//, Mayenne, \ Gallimard, 1972, p. 359.</li></ol> > ... > __Bibliographie__ > FOUCAULT, Michel. //Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique//, Mayenne, \ Gallimard, 1972, 613 p.! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La citation Maintenant que vous connaissez la différence entre citer et paraphraser, \ assurons-nous que vous pouvez le faire correctement dans un travail réel. \ Imaginez que ceci est votre texte&nbsp;: > Dans son livre, il indique&nbsp;: ''Mais dans un cas, il s’agit d’un art de \ //la transformation des qualités//, d’une technique dans laquelle l’essence de \ la folie \est prise comme nature, et comme maladie; dans l’autre, il s’agit d’un \ art du discours, et de //la restitution de la vérité//, où la folie vaut comme \ déraison.'' Est-ce du plagiat? <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_04" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_04_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_04_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Correct Bien joué! C’est du plagiat parce que la citation n’est pas entre guillemets et \ la source n’est pas citée! <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_04" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Oh oui, ça l’est! C’est du plagiat parce que la citation n’est pas entre \ guillemets et la source n’est pas citée. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_04" "incorrect" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La citation Revisions Cliquez sur «&nbsp;Corriger&nbsp;» pour voir comment citer sans plagier. > Dans son livre, il indique&nbsp;: ''Mais dans un cas, il s’agit d’un art de \ //la transformation des qualités//, d’une technique dans laquelle l’essence de \ la folie est prise comme nature, et comme maladie; dans l’autre, il s’agit d’un \ art du discours, et de //la restitution de la vérité//, où la folie vaut comme \ déraison.'' <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_05" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_05_include_answer_fix" "Corriger" >>!! Corrigé > Dans son livre, il indique&nbsp;: «&nbsp;Mais dans un cas, il s’agit d’un art de \ //la transformation des qualités//, d’une technique dans laquelle l’essence de \ la folie est prise comme nature, et comme maladie; dans l’autre, il s’agit d’un \ art du discours, et de //la restitution de la vérité//, où la folie vaut comme \ déraison&nbsp;»<sup>1</sup>. > ... > __Note__ > 1. Michel Foucault, //Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique//, Mayenne, \ Gallimard, 1972, p. 359. > ... > __Bibliographie__ > FOUCAULT, Michel. //Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique//, Mayenne, \ Gallimard, 1972, 613 p. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_05" "fixed" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La paraphrase > Dans certains cas, la folie peut être considérée comme une transformation, \ et donc comme une maladie, alors que dans d’autres cas, elle peut être \ considérée comme un rétablissement de la vérité. Est-ce du plagiat? <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_06" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_06_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_06_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Correct Sans aucun doute. L’auteur a employé ses propres mots et structure de phrase, \ mais a oublié de citer la source! <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_06" "correct" >>!! Incorrect En fait, c’est du plagiat. Même s’ils ont utilisé leurs propres mots et \ structure de phrase, ils ont oublié de citer la source! <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_06" "incorrect" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! Révision &ndash; paraphrase Cliquez sur «&nbsp;Corriger&nbsp;» pour voir comment paraphraser sans plagier. > Dans certains cas, la folie peut être considérée comme une transformation, et \ donc comme une maladie, alors que dans d’autres cas, elle peut être considérée \ comme un rétablissement de la vérité. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_07" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_07_include_answer_fix" "Corriger" >>!! Corrigé > Dans certains cas, la folie peut être considérée comme une transformation, et \ donc comme une maladie, alors que dans d’autres cas, elle peut être considérée \ comme un rétablissement de la vérité<sup>1</sup>. > ... > __Note__ > 1. Michel Foucault, //Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique//, Mayenne, \ Gallimard, 1972, p. 359. > ... > __Bibliographie__ > FOUCAULT, Michel. //Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique//, Mayenne, \ Gallimard, 1972, 613 p. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_chicago_quotvpara_07" "fixed" >>! Est-ce du plagiat? Copier une citation directe dans votre document, la placer entre guillemets et \ indiquer la source. > «&nbsp;Le roman historique populaire excelle, aujourd’hui encore, à flatter nos \ attentes et nos désirs&nbsp;» (Gengembre 97). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">Gengembre, Gérard. //Le roman historique.// \ Klincksieck, 2006.</span> <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_mla_plagiarism_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_mla_plagiarism_01_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_mla_plagiarism_01_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Incorrect Ce n’est pas du plagiat. Copier une information mot pour mot d’une source est acceptable si vous placez \ des guillemets autour de l’information copiée et indiquez la source. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_plagiarism_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Ce n’est pas du plagiat parce qu’il y a des guillemets autour \ de l’information copiée et la source est indiquée. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_plagiarism_01" "correct" >>! Est-ce du plagiat? Et cet exemple? Prendre les idées ou les mots de quelqu’un, les mettre dans vos propres mots, et indiquer la source. > Le roman historique est encore important aujourd’hui parce qu’il répond aux \ désirs et aux attentes populaires (Gengembre 97). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">Gengembre, Gérard. //Le roman historique.// \ Klincksieck, 2006.</span> <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_mla_plagiarism_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_mla_plagiarism_02_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_mla_plagiarism_02_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Incorrect En fait, ce n’est pas du plagiat, c’est de la paraphrase. Il est tout à fait acceptable de paraphraser, pourvu que vous indiquiez la \ source et que la paraphrase soit entièrement dans vos mots – changer quelques \ mots ici et là ne suffit pas. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_plagiarism_02" "incorrect" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Ce n’est pas du plagiat. C’est de la paraphrase. Il est tout à fait acceptable de paraphraser, pourvu que vous indiquiez la \ source et que la paraphrase soit entièrement dans vos mots – changer quelques \ mots ici et là ne suffit pas. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_plagiarism_02" "correct" >>! Connaissance commune ou non? Une phrase est une connaissance commune et l’autre ne l’est pas. Choisissez \ celle qui doit être citée. ''Phrase A'' > Bram Stoker est l’auteur de //Dracula//. ''Phrase B'' > Le certificat de décès de Bram Stoker indique qu’il est mort de la syphilis \ tertiaire. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_mla_knowledge_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_mla_knowledge_01_include_answer_a" "Phrase A" "fr_style_mla_knowledge_01_include_answer_b" "Phrase B" >>!! Incorrect En fait, cela est une connaissance commune et n’a pas besoin d’être cité. (Mais \ en cas de doute, c’est mieux de citer que de ne pas le faire.) <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_knowledge_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Il faut le citer. C’est tiré de cet article de revue&nbsp;: > Fry, Carol L., and John Robert Craig. «&nbsp;'Unfit for Earth, Undoomed for Heaven'&nbsp;: \ The Genesis of Coppola's Byronic Dracula&nbsp;». //Literature and Film Quarterly//, \ vol. 30, no. 4, 1994, pp. 271-78. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_knowledge_01" "correct" >>! Connaissance commune ou non? Une phrase est une connaissance commune et l’autre ne l’est pas. Choisissez \ celle qui doit être citée. ''Phrase A'' > Shakespeare gagnait probablement environ 200 livres par an grâce à son \ travail dans le théâtre. ''Phrase B'' > William Shakespeare est né en Angleterre au 16e siècle. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_mla_knowledge_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_mla_knowledge_02_include_answer_a" "Phrase A" "fr_style_mla_knowledge_02_include_answer_b" "Phrase B" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Il faut le citer. C’est tiré de ce livre&nbsp;: > Hyland, Peter. //An Introduction to Shakespeare: The Dramatist in His \ Context//. St. Martin's Press, 1996. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_knowledge_02" "correct" >>!! Incorrect En fait, cela est une connaissance commune et n’a pas besoin d’être cité. (Mais \ en cas de doute, c’est mieux de citer que de ne pas le faire.) <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_knowledge_02" "incorrect" >>! Connaissance commune ou non? Une phrase est une connaissance commune et l’autre ne l’est pas. Choisissez \ celle qui doit être citée. ''Phrase A'' > //Le Hobbit// de Tolkien, publié en 1937, a été écrit à l’origine pour les \ enfants de Tolkien. ''Phrase B'' > J.R.R. Tolkien est l’auteur de //Le Seigneur des anneaux//. <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_mla_knowledge_03" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_mla_knowledge_03_include_answer_a" "Phrase A" "fr_style_mla_knowledge_03_include_answer_b" "Phrase B" >>!! Correct Vous avez raison! Il faut le citer. C’est tiré de ce site Web&nbsp;: > Wood, Ralph C. "Biography of J.R.R. Tolkein." //LeadershipU//, \ """http://www.learderu.com/humanities/wood-biography.html""". <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_knowledge_03" "correct" >>!! Incorrect En fait, cela est une connaissance commune et n’a pas besoin d’être cité. (Mais \ en cas de doute, c’est mieux de citer que de ne pas le faire.) <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_knowledge_03" "incorrect" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences Il serait peut-être utile de montrer la différence entre la citation et la paraphrase, et comment \ faire les deux correctement au moyen du style MLA. > Le narrateur peut prendre à témoin le lecteur, faire des commentaires sur l’action, les faits et \ gestes des personnages, leurs pensées et intentions.! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La citation Une citation utilise exactement les mêmes mots que ceux trouvés dans le matériel \ source et les met entre guillemets. Voici à quoi ressemble une citation avec une \ référence textuelle correcte dans le style MLA&nbsp;: > «&nbsp;Le narrateur peut prendre à témoin le lecteur, faire des commentaires sur \ l’action, les faits et gestes des personnages, leurs pensées et intentions&nbsp;» \ (Gengembre 97). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">Gengembre, Gérard. //Le roman historique.// \ Klincksieck, 2006.</span>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La paraphrase Une paraphrase, c’est une idée d’un autre auteur exprimée //dans vos propres \ mots//. Une paraphrase n’est pas entre guillemets, parce qu’il ne s’agit pas \ d’une citation mot pour mot. Et le simple fait de changer quelques mots par \ rapport à l’original ne suffit pas! > Le narrateur peut, s’il le souhaite, faire des commentaires sur les gestes, \ les pensées et les intentions des personnages (Gengembre 97). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">Gengembre, Gérard. Le roman historique. \ Klincksieck, 2006.</span>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La citation Examinons un exemple dans son contexte&nbsp;: > Le narrateur du roman historique peut jouer divers rôles. ''Le narrateur peut \ prendre à témoin le lecteur, faire des commentaires sur l’action, les faits et \ gestes des personnages, leurs pensées et intentions.'' Est-ce du plagiat? <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_04" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_04_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_04_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Correct Bien joué! C’est du plagiat parce que la citation n’est pas entre guillemets et \ la source n’est pas citée! <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_04" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Oh oui, ça l’est! C’est du plagiat parce que la citation n’est pas entre \ guillemets et la source n’est pas citée. <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_04" "incorrect" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La citation Revisions Cliquez sur «&nbsp;Corriger&nbsp;» pour voir comment citer sans plagier. > Le narrateur du roman historique peut jouer divers rôles. ''Le narrateur peut \ prendre à témoin le lecteur, faire des commentaires sur l’action, les faits et \ gestes des personnages, leurs pensées et intentions.'' <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_05" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_05_include_answer_fix" "Corriger" >>!! Corrigé > Le narrateur du roman historique peut jouer divers rôles. ''«&nbsp;Le narrateur peut \ prendre à témoin le lecteur, faire des commentaires sur l’action, les faits et \ gestes des personnages, leurs pensées et intentions&nbsp;»''' (Gengembre 97). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">Gengembre, Gérard. //Le roman historique//. \ Klincksieck, 2006.</span> <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_05" "fixed" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! La paraphrase > Le narrateur du roman historique peut jouer divers rôles. ''Le narrateur peut, \ s’il le souhaite, faire des commentaires sur les gestes, les pensées et les \ intentions des personnages.'' Est-ce du plagiat? <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_06" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_06_include_answer_yes" "Oui, c’est du plagiat" "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_06_include_answer_no" "Non, ce n’est pas du plagiat" >>!! Correct Sans aucun doute. L’auteur a employé ses propres mots et structure de phrase, \ mais a oublié de citer la source! <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_06" "correct" >>!! Incorrect En fait, c’est du plagiat. Même s’ils ont utilisé leurs propres mots et \ structure de phrase, ils ont oublié de citer la source! <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_06" "incorrect" >>! La citation et la paraphrase&nbsp;: différences !! Révision &ndash; paraphrase Cliquez sur «&nbsp;Corriger&nbsp;» pour voir comment paraphraser sans plagier. > Le narrateur du roman historique peut jouer divers rôles. ''Le narrateur peut, \ s’il le souhaite, faire des commentaires sur les gestes, les pensées et les \ intentions des personnages.'' <<AnswerChoices "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_07" $next_common_passage "hide" "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_07_include_answer_fix" "Corriger" >>!! Corrigé > Le narrateur du roman historique peut jouer divers rôles. ''Le narrateur peut, \ s’il le souhaite, faire des commentaires sur les gestes, les pensées et les \ intentions des personnages'' (Gengembre 97). > ... > Bibliographie&nbsp;: > <span class="hanging_indent">Gengembre, Gérard. //Le roman historique//. \ Klincksieck, 2006.</span> <<AnswerStatus "fr_style_mla_quotvpara_07" "fixed" >>! Tutorial Usage and Licensing Thank you for your interest in Acadia's Information Literacy Online \ modules&mdash;a series of tutorials developed by librarians in the \ [[Vaughan Memorial Library|https://library.acadiau.ca]] at Acadia University. \ Acadia's librarians use these modules to teach basic research skills to students \ and to supplement one-on-one and in-class information literacy instruction. Anyone is permitted to access, display, print, or embed these tutorials for \ non-commercial research and educational purposes. Commercial use, however, is \ not permitted. With the exception of audio, image, stylesheet and story format files found in \ the {{{/assets}}} and {{{/sugarcube}}} directories, //You Quote It, You Note It!// \ is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 \ International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). To view a copy of this license, visit \ [[https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/]] or send a letter to \ Creative Commons, PO Box 1866, Mountain View, CA 94042, USA. Comments or questions regarding //You Quote It, You Note It!// should be emailed to: \ [[information.literacy.online@acadiau.ca|mailto:information.literacy.online@acadiau.ca]]. <div class="passage_link"><<back $common_phrases["linktext_previous"]>></div><div class="debug"> !!! DEBUG: Passages <ul> <<set _lk_story_passages = Story.lookup("passages")>> <<for _i to 0; _i lt _lk_story_passages.length; _i++>> <li>[[_lk_story_passages[_i].title]]</li> <</for>> </ul> </div><div class="debug"> !!! DEBUG: Variables <ul> <li>turns = <<print turns()>></li> <<for _key, _val range State.variables>> <<if Array.isArray(_val)>> <<for _arr_key, _arr_val range _val>> <li><<print _key + "[" + _arr_key + "]">> = <<print JSON.stringify(_arr_val)>></li> <</for>> <<elseif _val instanceof Object>> <li><<print _key>> = <<print JSON.stringify(_val)>></li> <<else>> <li><<print _key>> = <<print _val>></li> <</if>> <</for>> </ul> </div><div class="debug"> !!! DEBUG: Avatar Reactions <ul> <<script>> var a, b, j, k, x, y, z, markup = ""; x = Object.keys(State.getVar("$avatar['reaction']")); for(j = 0; j < x.length; j++) { y = Object.keys(State.getVar("$avatar['reaction']['" + x[j] + "']")); for(k = 0; k < y.length; k++) { markup = markup + '<li><<GenerateAvatar "' + y[k] + '" "' + x[j] + '">> ' + x[j] + ' - ' + y[k] + '</li>'; } } jQuery(this.output).wiki(markup); <</script>> </ul> </div><div class="debug"> !!! DEBUG: Controls <ul class="debug"> <li>Current passage: <<print passage()>></li> <li>Current tags: <<print tags()>></li> <li><<link "Engine Restart">><<script>>Engine.restart();<</script>><</link>></li> <li><<link "UI Restart">><<script>>UI.restart();<</script>><</link>></li> </ul> </div>