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<span class="nowrap"><strong><em>You Quote It, You Note It!</em></strong> (version <<print $version>>) &mdash;</span><span class="nowrap">Developed by Acadia University, </span> <span class="nowrap">Vaughan Memorial Library.</span><<set $version = "2.20.09i.beta">> <<set $debug = 0>> <<set $font_family = recall("font_family", "font_family_mixed")>> <<set $font_size = recall("font_size", "font_size_regular")>> <<set $student = recall("student", "")>> <<set $style = recall("style", "APA")>> <<set $parts = ["Introduction", "Citation", "Plagiarism", "Common Knowledge", "Quoting vs Paraphrasing", "Zotero", "Wrapping Up"] >> <<set $cnt_answer_correct = 0>> <<set $cnt_answer_incorrect = 0>> <<set $cnt_answer_fixed = 0>> <<set $score = 0>> <<set $grade = ''>> <<cacheaudio "answer_correct" "assets/audio/22735__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-synthesized/403009__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-alert-b3.ogg">> <<cacheaudio "answer_incorrect" "assets/audio/22735__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-synthesized/403011__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-alert-b1.ogg">> <<cacheaudio "answer_fixed" "assets/audio/22735__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-synthesized/403017__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-alert-c3.ogg">> <<cacheaudio "placard_chime" "assets/audio/22735__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-synthesized/413749__inspectorj__ui-confirmation-alert-d1.ogg">> <<waitforaudio>> <<set $avatar = { settings: { "persona": recall("avatar_persona", "person"), "skintone": recall("avatar_skintone", "1f3fb") }, path: "assets/emoji/FILE_ID.png", persona: ["person", "male", "female", "cat", "smiley"], skintone: ["1f3fb", "1f3fc", "1f3fd", "1f3fe", "1f3ff"], // light to dark gender: ["200d-2642", "200d-2640", ""], // man, woman, fixed adult reaction: { person: { "default": "1f9d1-skintone-200d-1f4bb", "face": "1f9d1-skintone", "unsure": "1f937-skintone", "question": "1f64b-skintone", "correct": "1f646-skintone", "incorrect": "1f645-skintone", "fixit": "1f926-skintone", "fixed": "270d-skintone", "moreinfo": "1f939-skintone", "write": "270d-skintone", "finished": "1f9d1-skintone-200d-1f393", "placard": "1f516", "tip": "1f6a9", "introduction": "1f4d6", "end": "1f3c1", "settings": "1f527", "license": "1f4d1" }, male: { "default": "1f468-skintone-200d-1f4bb", "face": "1f468-skintone", "unsure": "1f937-skintone-200d-2642-fe0f", "question": "1f64b-skintone-200d-2642-fe0f", "correct": "1f646-skintone-200d-2642-fe0f", "incorrect": "1f645-skintone-200d-2642-fe0f", "fixit": "1f926-skintone-200d-2642-fe0f", "fixed": "270d-skintone", "moreinfo": "1f939-skintone-200d-2642-fe0f", "write": "270d-skintone", "finished": "1f468-skintone-200d-1f393", "placard": "1f516", "tip": "1f6a9", "introduction": "1f4d6", "end": "1f3c1", "settings": "1f527", "license": "1f4d1" }, female: { "default": "1f469-skintone-200d-1f4bb", "face": "1f469-skintone", "unsure": "1f937-skintone-200d-2640-fe0f", "question": "1f64b-skintone-200d-2640-fe0f", "correct": "1f646-skintone-200d-2640-fe0f", "incorrect": "1f645-skintone-200d-2640-fe0f", "fixit": "1f926-skintone-200d-2640-fe0f", "fixed": "270d-skintone", "moreinfo": "1f939-skintone-200d-2640-fe0f", "write": "270d-skintone", "finished": "1f469-skintone-200d-1f393", "placard": "1f516", "tip": "1f6a9", "introduction": "1f4d6", "end": "1f3c1", "settings": "1f527", "license": "1f4d1" }, smiley: { "default": "1f642", "face": "1f642", "unsure": "1f644", "question": "1f914", "correct": "1f601", "incorrect": "1f623", "fixit": "1f631", "fixed": "1f92f", "moreinfo": "1f9d0", "write": "1f58a", "finished": "1f973", "placard": "1f516", "tip": "1f6a9", "introduction": "1f4d6", "end": "1f3c1", "settings": "1f527", "license": "1f4d1" } } } >><header> <<if passage() is "Start" || tags().includes("avatar_placard")>><<audio "placard_chime" play>><</if>> <<AnswersToGrade $cnt_answer_correct $cnt_answer_incorrect $cnt_answer_fixed>> <div class="greeting"> <<include StoryBanner>> <<include StoryCaption>> </div> <<if passage() is not "Start">> <div class="progress-grid-container"> <div class="progress-grid-item reaction" id="avatar"> <<GenerateAvatar>> </div> <<script>> var k, part_k_class, markup = ""; for(k = 1; k <= 6; k++) { if(tags().includes('part_' + k)) { part_k_class = "active"; } else if(visitedTags('part_' + k) || (k == 6 && passage() == "End")) { part_k_class = "visited"; } else { part_k_class = "unvisited"; } markup = markup + '<div class="progress-grid-item part_' + k + ' ' + part_k_class + '"><span>' + k + '</span>'; markup = markup + '<div class="progress-line'; if(k == 1) { markup = markup + ' start'; } else if(k == 6) { markup = markup + ' end '; } markup = markup + '"></div>'; markup = markup + '</div>'; } jQuery(this.output).wiki(markup); <</script>> </div> <</if>> </header><footer> <div class="fineprint"> <span class="nowrap"><<print $style + " style">> / </span> <span class="nowrap"><<link "Restart tutorial">><<script>>Engine.restart();<</script>><</link>> / </span> <span class="nowrap">[[License and usage|License]] / </span> <span class="nowrap">[[Give your feedback|https://library.acadiau.ca/research/tutorials/feedback.html]]</span> </div> <<if $debug>> <<include debug_controls>> <<include debug_variables_list>> <<include debug_passages_list>> <<include debug_avatar_reactions>> <</if>> </footer> <<addclass "body" $font_family>> <<addclass "body" $font_size>> <<MemorizeSettings>>! You Quote It, You Note It! <<link "Let's Begin" "common_intro_01">><</link>>! Introduction Welcome to the <em>You Quote It, You Note It!</em> tutorial. This tutorial will \ explain what citation is and when and how to cite your sources properly. It will \ also explain the concept of plagiarism, so that you understand how to avoid \ plagiarizing the works of others. The tutorial will take about 10 minutes to \ complete. But first, what is your name? <<textbox "$student" "">> <<PassagePrevNext "common_settings_01">>! Reading Preferences Next, choose the text options that you find most comfortable to read. !! Styles <label class="settings_selector font_family_mixed"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_family" "font_family_mixed" autocheck>> <span class="pseudo_heading">Mixed</span> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_family_sans"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_family" "font_family_sans" autocheck>> Sans-serif \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_family_serif"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_family" "font_family_serif" autocheck>> Serif \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_family_dyslexic"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_family" "font_family_dyslexic" autocheck>> Dyslexic \ </label> !! Sizes <label class="settings_selector font_size_regular"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_size" "font_size_regular" autocheck>> Regular \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_size_large"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_size" "font_size_large" autocheck>> Large \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector font_size_extralarge"> \ <<radiobutton "$font_size" "font_size_extralarge" autocheck>> Extra-Large \ </label> <<PassagePrevNext "common_settings_02">>! Avatar Preferences Finally, choose an avatar. !! Personas <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['persona']" "person" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['persona']" "male" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "male">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['persona']" "female" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "female">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['persona']" "smiley" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "smiley">> \ </label> !! Skin Tones <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3fb" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3fb">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3fc" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3fc">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3fd" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3fd">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3fe" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3fe">> \ </label> \ <label class="settings_selector avatar"> \ <<radiobutton "$avatar['settings']['skintone']" "1f3ff" autocheck>> <<GenerateAvatar "face" "person" "1f3ff">> \ </label> \ <<PassagePrevNext "common_citation_00">>! Citation <<PassagePrevNext "common_citation_01">>! What is citation? Citation is the process of documenting the sources you use in your writing. A \ source is any document (a book, an article, a video, etc.) that you borrow ideas \ from to support your writing. The specific details of how you cite your sources \ depend on the citation style that you use, but generally, all citation includes \ two parts: an in-text citation (a note in the body of your paper) and a \ bibliography entry (a longer note at the end of your paper). <<PassagePrevNext "common_citation_02">>! Citation There are many different citation styles out there, but here are a few of the most \ common ones: !! APA This style originates in psychology but is used widely in the social sciences \ and sciences. If you're not sure which style to choose, try this one. !! MLA This style is managed by the Modern Language Association and is used primarily \ in the study of language and literature. English majors, this one is for you. !! Chicago This is another popular style in the humanities and social sciences. History, \ politics, and theology majors should choose this style. !! ASA This style is used exclusively in sociology. If you're a sociology major, choose \ this style. <<PassagePrevNext "common_citation_03">>! Citation Let's start by choosing the style that will be shown to you during this \ tutorial. <<back "< Back">> \ <<link "APA" "common_citation_04">><<set $style = "APA">><</link>> \ <<link "MLA" "common_citation_04">><<set $style = "MLA">><</link>> \ <<link "Chicago" "common_citation_04">><<set $style = "Chicago">><</link>> \ <<link "ASA" "common_citation_04">><<set $style = "ASA">><</link>>! Citation Now that you've selected your citation style, let's dig into the basics: Why cite sources? <<PassagePrevNext "common_citation_05">>! Citation While writing can often feel like a solitary activity, good academic writing is \ actually an asynchronous conversation involving many parties. <<PassagePrevNext "common_citation_06">>! Citation One party is you, the author. You are sharing your thoughts on paper (or on a \ screen), but those thoughts have not developed in your brain from nothing. <<PassagePrevNext "common_citation_07">>! Citation You've received ideas from other researchers. They have, in a sense, spoken to \ you. They are part of the conversation. And then there are the people who you \ will speak to through your writing&mdash;people who will add your thoughts and \ ideas (and by extension, the thoughts and ideas of all the authors that you \ read) to their own ideas. <<PassagePrevNext "common_citation_08">>! Citation Citing sources is of fundamental importance to this conversation. <<PassagePrevNext "common_citation_09">>! Citation By properly citing your sources, you can quickly provide important context for \ your research, and lead your readers to the research that you relied on to \ inform your work. Your readers can then engage with the ideas that came before \ yours, allowing them to contribute to the conversation. <<PassagePrevNext "common_citation_10">>! Citation It is this conversation that pushes all research forward. Researchers comment on \ each other's work, informing one another, and generating newer and better ideas \ within a given subject area. <<PassagePrevNext "common_citation_11">>! Citation In this sense, properly citing your sources is a tremendous gift to future \ researchers. <<PassagePrevNext "common_citation_12">>! Citation And, as an added bonus, readers will be more likely to trust the validity of \ your arguments when they are clearly supported by the work of others. <<PassagePrevNext "common_plagiarism_00">>! Plagiarism <<PassagePrevNext "common_plagiarism_01">>! Plagiarism If all of those wonderful reasons to properly cite your sources aren't enough to \ convince you to do it, there is something else you should know. There is a name \ for the act of failing to properly cite your sources: plagiarism. And plagiarism \ is a punishable academic offence! <<PassagePrevNext "common_plagiarism_02">>! Plagiarism What exactly is plagiarism? \ [[Acadia's calendar|https://registrar.acadiau.ca/AcademicCalendars.html]] \ defines it as "the act of presenting the ideas or words of another as one's own" \ (p. 37). Using another writer's ideas or words is a normal part of academic work, but you \ must clearly indicate when you are doing this. <<PassagePrevNext "common_plagiarism_03">>! Plagiarism [[Acadia's calendar|https://registrar.acadiau.ca/AcademicCalendars.html]] \ continues: "Self-plagiarism is also a form of plagiarism. It is the presentation \ of the same work in more than one course without the permission of the \ instructors involved" (p. 37). Writing two different papers on the same topic \ for two different courses is fine, but you can't submit the exact same paper in \ both courses unless both instructors agree. <<PassagePrevNext "common_plagiarism_04">>! Plagiarism If you are caught plagiarising, there are a range of penalties you may face, \ including: * Failing your assignment * Failing your course * Being expelled from university <<PassagePrevNext "common_plagiarism_05">>! Plagiarism Proper citation helps you write a better paper and stay out of trouble. And it \ helps future researchers too! Everyone wins with proper citation. <<PassagePrevNext "common_plagiarism_06">>! Plagiarism Now, let's see if you can identify what plagiarism looks like. <<PassagePrevNext "common_plagiarism_07">><<set $next_common_passage = "common_plagiarism_08">> <<set $include_passage = "style_" + $style.toLowerCase() + "_plagiarism_01">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "common_tip_01">> <<set $include_passage = "style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_plagiarism_02">> <<include $include_passage>>! Tip #1 Paraphrasing improperly is still plagiarism! To paraphrase properly, you must: <<nobr>> <<switch $style.toLowerCase()>> <<case "apa">> <<set _txt = "an in-text citation AND in your References list">> <<case "asa">> <<set _txt = "an in-text reference AND in your References list">> <<case "chicago">> <<set _txt = "a footnote OR an in-text reference, AND in your Bibliography">> <<case "mla">> <<set _txt = "an in-text citation AND in your Works Cited list">> <</switch>> <</nobr>> # really, truly use your own words and sentence structure: don't just change a \ couple of words; # cite the source with <<print _txt>>. <<PassagePrevNext "common_tip_02">>! Tip #2 Putting quotation marks around quotations isn't enough! <<nobr>> <<switch $style>> <<case "APA">> <<set _txt = "an in-text citation AND cite the source fully in your References list">> <<case "ASA">> <<set _txt = "an in-text reference AND cite the source fully in your References list">> <<case "Chicago">> <<set _txt = "a footnote OR an in-text reference, AND cite the source fully in your Bibliography">> <<case "MLA">> <<set _txt = "an in-text citation AND cite the source fully in your Works Cited list">> <</switch>> <</nobr>> You still have to insert <<print _txt>>. <<PassagePrevNext "common_knowledge_00">>! Common knowledge <<PassagePrevNext "common_knowledge_01">>! Common knowledge Common knowledge does not need to be cited. But what exactly //is// common \ knowledge? "Common knowledge" refers to facts that are widely known to society at large \ (general common knowledge) or to a particular discipline (discipline-specific \ common knowledge). <<PassagePrevNext "common_knowledge_02">>! Common knowledge ''General common knowledge'' includes things like basic facts about famous \ people (Mozart was born in 1756), well-known historical events (Canada won the \ Summit Series in 1972), or scientific facts (table salt is sodium chloride). It \ should be clear from the Summit Series example that what is general common \ knowledge in one culture or country is not necessarily common knowledge in \ another, so it is important to consider your intended reader's context. <<PassagePrevNext "common_knowledge_03">>! Common knowledge ''Discipline-specific common knowledge'' refers to basic facts that would be \ common knowledge only to people well-versed in the discipline and not \ necessarily to society at large. For example, a reference to the zeroth law of \ thermodynamics would not need to be cited in a physics paper because it would \ be commonly known among physicists, but it would need to be cited in a paper \ intended for a non-specialist audience for whom it would //not// be commonly \ known. <<PassagePrevNext "common_knowledge_04">>! Common knowledge ''When in doubt, cite!'' It is always safer to cite something that doesn't need \ to be cited than to //not// cite something that //does// need to be cited! <<PassagePrevNext "common_knowledge_05">><<set $next_common_passage = "common_knowledge_06">> <<set $include_passage = "style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_knowledge_01">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "common_knowledge_07">> /* next passage exception for ASA style content which does not have a third common knowledge element, thus "common_knowledge_07" must be skipped. */ <<if $style.toLowerCase() == "asa">> <<set $next_common_passage = "common_quotvpara_00">> <</if>> <<set $include_passage = "style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_knowledge_02">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "common_tip_03">> <<set $include_passage = "style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_knowledge_03">> <<include $include_passage>>! Tip #3 Even if you found something online, you must still cite it! Using things from the web is no different than using print sources as far as \ plagiarism goes: you still have to cite the source. Just because something is \ publicly available on the web doesn't mean that it's in the public \ domain&mdash;and even it it really //is// in the public domain, you still have \ to cite it. <<PassagePrevNext "common_tip_04">>! Tip #4 Start your research early!​ It is important to give yourself lots of time to do research before your paper \ is due. It can take time to find the best resources to support your arguments, \ and you may find that your arguments change as you do research and learn more \ about your topic. So, make sure to start your research well before your work is \ due.​ <<PassagePrevNext "common_quotvpara_00">>! Quoting vs Paraphrasing <<PassagePrevNext "common_quotvpara_01">>! Quoting vs Paraphrasing Quoting is copying a source exactly, word for word. A direct quotation is placed \ between double quotation marks to indicate precisely where the copying begins \ and ends, and the source must always be cited. Paraphrasing is taking information from a source and putting it into your own \ words. A paraphrase is not indicated by quotation marks because it's not an \ exact copy, but the source must still be cited. <<PassagePrevNext "common_quotvpara_02">>! Quoting vs Paraphrasing How do you know whether you should quote or paraphrase a source? Quoting is only necessary when the exact words of the source matter. For example, \ if you are writing an English paper in which you are analyzing the actual words \ and phrases an author uses, it is helpful to your reader if you directly quote \ those words and phrases. Quotation is therefore much more common in the \ discipline of literature and language studies than in any other subject area. The other situations in which quotation is preferable to paraphrasing, in any \ discipline, are if the language of the original source is extremely well-known \ or historically significant (e.g. "To be or not to be") or if it is so perfectly \ crafted that any attempt to paraphrase would diminish or fail to capture its \ meaning. These situations are rare, so apart from the literary essay, you should normally \ choose paraphrasing over quotation. <<PassagePrevNext "common_quotvpara_03">>! Quoting vs Paraphrasing ''Quote'' if the exact words of the source matter. ''Paraphrase'' if it's just the idea expressed by the source that matters. <<PassagePrevNext "common_quotvpara_04">><<set $include_passage = "style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_01_include">> <<include $include_passage>> <<PassagePrevNext "common_quotvpara_05">><<set $include_passage = "style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_02_include">> <<include $include_passage>> <<PassagePrevNext "common_quotvpara_06">><<set $include_passage = "style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_03_include">> <<include $include_passage>> <<PassagePrevNext "common_quotvpara_07">><<set $next_common_passage = "common_quotvpara_08">> <<set $include_passage = "style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_04">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "common_quotvpara_09">> <<set $include_passage = "style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_05">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "common_quotvpara_10">> <<set $include_passage = "style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_06">> <<include $include_passage>><<set $next_common_passage = "common_tip_05">> <<set $include_passage = "style_"+ $style.toLowerCase() + "_quotvpara_07">> <<include $include_passage>>! Tip #5 Use direct quotations sparingly. The majority of your paper should be in your \ own words. <<PassagePrevNext "common_tip_06">>! Tip #6 If you're unsure of if, when, or how to cite something, check a citation guide, \ ask your professor, or ask a librarian. <<PassagePrevNext "common_tip_07">>! Tip #7 Document your sources immediately as you are doing your research. That way, when \ you're writing your paper, you'll always know where that perfect quotation came \ from. <<PassagePrevNext "common_zotero_00">>! Zotero <<PassagePrevNext "common_zotero_01">>! Zotero * Zotero is a citation management tool that can help you track, organize, and \ cite your sources. * This tool is open source and freely available, meaning you can use it even \ after you leave Acadia University. * Visit [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/zotero]] to learn more and for help \ setting Zotero up on your computer. * If you need further assistance, any of our Librarians can help you! Book an \ appointment with a Librarian either through our general email \ [[ref-desk@acadiau.ca|mailto:ref-desk@acadiau.ca]] or contact your Librarian via \ [[https://library.acadiau.ca/about/people.html]]. <<PassagePrevNext "common_outro_00">>! Wrapping Up <<PassagePrevNext "common_outro_01">>! Thanks for taking our tutorial! We hope you've learned the basics about citation and how to avoid plagiarism. * Remember you can always get help from your professor or from the Library if \ you have any questions. Every student has their own Librarian! Find out who your \ Librarian is at [[https://library.acadiau.ca/about/people.html]]. * You can also get help at the Research Help Desk by email \ [[ref-desk@acadiau.ca|mailto:ref-desk@acadiau.ca]]. <<PassagePrevNext "common_outro_02">>! Getting Help * Chicago [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/chicago-turabian]] * MLA [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/MLA]] * APA [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/apa]] * Writing Centre [[https://writingcentre.acadiau.ca]] * Plagiarism [[https://libguides.acadiau.ca/plagiarism]] * You Quote It, You Note It Quiz [[https://acorn.acadiau.ca/course/view.php?id=21289]] <<PassagePrevNext "common_outro_03">>! Other Resources <ul> <li>Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)​ <ul> <li>[[APA Guide|https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/index.html​]]</li> <li>[[Chicago Guide|https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/chicago_manual_17th_edition/cmos_formatting_and_style_guide/chicago_manual_of_style_17th_edition.html]]​</li> <li>[[MLA Guide|https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_style_introduction.html​]]</li> </ul> </li> <li>Plagiarism: A Faculty Member's Guide​</li> <li>Plagiarism: A Student's Guide​</li> <li>Acadia University's statement on Academic Integrity and procedures concerning \ infractions of academic integrity: [[https://registrar.acadiau.ca/Registration.html]]</li> </ul> <<PassagePrevNext "End">>! The End <<nobr>><div class="certificate"> <<script>>jQuery(this.output).wiki('<div class="grade ' + State.getVar("$grade") + '">' + State.getVar("$grade") + '</div>');<</script>> <div class="remarks"> <<if $student>><<print "<p>" + $student + ":</p>">><</if>> <p>You answered <<print $cnt_answer_correct>> of <<print $cnt_answer_correct + $cnt_answer_incorrect>> questions correctly and completed <<print $cnt_answer_fixed>> "fix it" segments in the <<print $style>> citation style tutorial.</p> </div> </div><</nobr>> <<link "Learn about another citation style" "common_citation_02">><</link>> \ <<link "Start the tutorial again">><<script>>Engine.restart();<</script>><</link>>! Is this plagiarism? Copying a direct quotation into your paper, placing quotation marks around it, \ and crediting the source. > "In Canada and the US, the russet Burbank is the favorite processing potato" \ (Kneen, 1999, p. 105-106) > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Kneen, B. (1999). \ //Farmageddon: Food and the culture of biotechnology.// New Society \ Publishing.</span> <<AnswerChoices "style_apa_plagiarism_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_apa_plagiarism_01_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_apa_plagiarism_01_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect This is not plagiarism. Copying information word-for-word from a source is okay as long as you put \ quotation marks around the copied information and give credit to the source. <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_plagiarism_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism because there are quotation marks around \ the copied information and the source is credited. <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_plagiarism_01" "correct" >>! Is this plagiarism? How about this? Taking someone's ideas or words, putting them into your own words, and crediting \ the source. > The most popular potato processed in North America is the russet Burbank \ (Kneen, 1999). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Kneen, B. (1999). \ //Farmageddon: Food and the culture of biotechnology.// New Society \ Publishing.</span> <<AnswerChoices "style_apa_plagiarism_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_apa_plagiarism_02_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_apa_plagiarism_02_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is not plagiarism: it's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_plagiarism_02" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism. It's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_plagiarism_02" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > The Molsons are one of Canada's most influential business families. ''Sentence B'' > The first modern Molson brand, Export Ale, appeared in 1903. <<AnswerChoices "style_apa_knowledge_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_apa_knowledge_01_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "style_apa_knowledge_01_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_knowledge_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this book: > Hunter, D. (2001). //Molson: The birth of a business empire.// Viking. <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_knowledge_01" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > The Mexican peso devaluation in 1994 seriously affected the country's \ financial markets. ''Sentence B'' > The peso is the currency used in the country of Mexico. <<AnswerChoices "style_apa_knowledge_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_apa_knowledge_02_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "style_apa_knowledge_02_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this journal article: > Goldberg, C.S. & Veitch, J.M. (2003). Exchange rate crisis and firm values: A \ case study of Mexico's tequila crisis. \ //Journal of American Academy of Business//, 2(2), 545-549. <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_knowledge_02" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_knowledge_02" "incorrect" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > The Canadian government's tax cut in 2001 prompted the Bank of Canada to \ reduce interest rates. ''Sentence B'' > The Bank of Canada regulates interest rates. <<AnswerChoices "style_apa_knowledge_03" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_apa_knowledge_03_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "style_apa_knowledge_03_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this article: > Manley, J. (2003, April 12). Statement prepared for the International Monetary \ Fund. """http://www.fin.gc.ca/news03/03-024e.html""". <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_knowledge_03" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_knowledge_03" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences Maybe it would help to show the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, and \ how to do each correctly using APA style. Imagine that this passage from a book about genetically modified foods is one \ that you would like to use in your essay. > In Canada and the US, the russet Burbank is the favorite processing potato. It \ is therefore not surprising that the russet Burbank appeared on the market as the \ first trans-genic potato, engineered to contain //Bacillus thuringiensis// \ toxins...! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting A quotation uses exactly the same words as those found in the source material \ and puts them in quotation marks. Here's what a quotation looks like with a \ proper in-text reference in APA style: > "It is therefore not surprising that the russet Burbank appeared on the market \ as the first trans-genic potato, engineered to contain Bacillus thuringiensis \ (Bt) toxins derived from a common soil bacterium" (Kneen, 1999, p. 105-106). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Kneen, B. (1999). \ //Farmageddon: Food and the culture of biotechnology.// New Society \ Publishing.</span>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing A paraphrase is another author’s ideas expressed //in your own words//&mdash;\ without quotation marks, since it's no longer a word-for-word quotation. And \ just changing a few words from the original doesn't count! > The popular North American russet Burbank potato is said to have been the \ first genetically modified spud to contain Bt toxins (Kneen, 1999). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Kneen, B. (1999). \ //Farmageddon: Food and the culture of biotechnology.// New Society \ Publishing.</span>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Now that you know the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, let's make \ sure you can do it properly in an actual assignment. Imagine that this is your \ essay so far: > The biotechnology industry continues to affect many of the staple foods of \ our Western diet. ''In Canada and the US, the russet Burbank is the favorite \ processing potato. It is therefore not surprising that the russet Burbank \ appeared on the market as the first trans-genetic potato, engineered to contain \ //Bacillus thuringiensis// (Bt) toxins.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "style_apa_quotvpara_04" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_apa_quotvpara_04_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_apa_quotvpara_04_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Good catch! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation marks \ and the source is not cited! <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_quotvpara_04" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Oh yes, it is! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation \ marks and the source is not cited. <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_quotvpara_04" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to quote without plagiarising. > The biotechnology industry continues to affect many of the staple foods of \ our Western diet. ''In Canada and the US, the russet Burbank is the favorite \ processing potato. It is therefore not surprising that the russet Burbank \ appeared on the market as the first trans-genetic potato, engineered to contain \ //Bacillus thuringiensis// (Bt) toxins.'' <<AnswerChoices "style_apa_quotvpara_05" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_apa_quotvpara_05_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > The biotechnology industry continues to affect many of the staple foods of \ our Western diet. ''"In Canada and the US, the russet Burbank is the favorite \ processing potato. It is therefore not surprising that the russet Burbank \ appeared on the market as the first trans-genetic potato, engineered to contain \ //Bacillus thuringiensis// (Bt) toxins." (Kneen, 1999, p. 105).'' > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Kneen, B. (1999). \ //Farmageddon: Food and the culture of biotechnology.// New Society \ Publishing.</span> <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_quotvpara_05" "fixed" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing > The biotechnology industry continues to affect many of the staple foods of \ our Western diet. ''The popular North American russet Burbank potato is said to \ have been the first genetically modified spud to contain Bt toxins.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "style_apa_quotvpara_06" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_apa_quotvpara_06_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_apa_quotvpara_06_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Definitely. The author has used their own words and sentence structure but \ forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_quotvpara_06" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, it IS plagiarism. Although they used their own words and sentence \ structure, they have forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_quotvpara_06" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to paraphrase without plagiarising. > The biotechnology industry continues to affect many of the staple foods of \ our Western diet. ''The popular North American russet Burbank potato is said to \ have been the first genetically modified spud to contain Bt toxins.'' <<AnswerChoices "style_apa_quotvpara_07" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_apa_quotvpara_07_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > The biotechnology industry continues to affect many of the staple foods of \ our Western diet. ''The popular North American russet Burbank potato is said to \ have been the first genetically modified spud to contain Bt toxins'' (Kneen, \ 1999). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Kneen, B. (1999). \ //Farmageddon: Food and the culture of biotechnology.// New Society \ Publishing.</span> <<AnswerStatus "style_apa_quotvpara_07" "fixed" >>! Is this plagiarism? Copying a direct quotation into your paper, placing quotation marks around it, \ and crediting the source. > "Players who focus on human resources required for a ritual event, for example, \ new or preexisting social networks, will be more likely to feel committed to \ their MMORPG community, while players who focus on nonhuman resources or material \ aspects of the game like collecting gold or equipment in the game are less likely \ to feel committed to their MMORPG community" (Simpson, Knottnerus, and Stern \ 2018:9). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Simpson, Joseph M., J. David Knottnerus, and \ Michael J. Stern. 2018. "Virtual Rituals: Community, Emotion, and Ritual in \ Massive Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games&mdash;A Quantitative Test and \ Extension of Structural Ritualization Theory." \ //Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World// \ 4:1-13. doi: \ 10.1177/2378023118779839.</span> <<AnswerChoices "style_asa_plagiarism_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_asa_plagiarism_01_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_asa_plagiarism_01_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect This is not plagiarism. Copying information word-for-word from a source is okay as long as you put \ quotation marks around the copied information and give credit to the source. <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_plagiarism_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism because there are quotation marks around \ the copied information and the source is credited. <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_plagiarism_01" "correct" >>! Is this plagiarism? How about this? Taking someone's ideas or words, putting them into your own words, and crediting \ the source. > In MMORPGs, the players who are most committed to their online communities \ are those whose main goal is to engage with other players, rather than to \ acquire in-game loot (Simpson, Knottnerus, and Stern 2018:9). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Simpson, Joseph M., J. David Knottnerus, and \ Michael J. Stern. 2018. "Virtual Rituals: Community, Emotion, and Ritual in \ Massive Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games&mdash;A Quantitative Test and \ Extension of Structural Ritualization Theory." \ //Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World// \ 4:1-13. doi: \ 10.1177/2378023118779839.</span> <<AnswerChoices "style_asa_plagiarism_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_asa_plagiarism_02_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_asa_plagiarism_02_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is not plagiarism: it's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_plagiarism_02" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism. It's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_plagiarism_02" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > There are children living in poverty in Canada. ''Sentence B'' > Nova Scotia is the only province that experienced an increase in child poverty \ between 2015 and 2017. <<AnswerChoices "style_asa_knowledge_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_asa_knowledge_01_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "style_asa_knowledge_01_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_knowledge_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this report: > Frank, Lesley and Laura Fisher. 2020. "2019 Report Card on Child and Family \ Poverty in Nova Scotia: Three Decades Lost." Halifax, NS: Canadian Association \ of Policy Alternatives. \ """https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/2019-report-card-child-and-family-poverty-nova-scotia""". <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_knowledge_01" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > Unlike the Civil Rights Movement, whose female leadership took a backseat to \ men, Black Lives Matter was founded by three female community organizers: \ Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors, and Opal Tometi. ''Sentence B'' > Black Lives Matter is an anti-racist social movement. <<AnswerChoices "style_asa_knowledge_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_asa_knowledge_02_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "style_asa_knowledge_02_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this journal article: > Jones-Eversley, Sharon, A. Christson Adedoyin, Michael A. Robinson, and Sharon \ E. Moore. 2017. "Protesting Black Inequality: A Commentary on the Civil Rights \ Movement and Black Lives Matter." //Journal of Community Practice// \ 25(3-4):309-24. doi: 10.1080/10705422.2017.1367343. <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_knowledge_02" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_knowledge_02" "incorrect" >>/* NOT USED IN ASA CONTENT See storyinclude_common.tw::common_knowledge_06 for next-passage exception. *//* NOT USED IN ASA CONTENT See storyinclude_common.tw::common_knowledge_06 for next-passage exception. *//* NOT USED IN ASA CONTENT See storyinclude_common.tw::common_knowledge_06 for next-passage exception. */! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences Maybe it would help to show the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, and \ how to do each correctly using ASA style. Here is a passage from a journal article that you could use in your paper: > Since YouTube creators enjoy the reputation as reliable endorsers, companies \ search for appropriate influencers in the social media sphere in hope of finding \ credible people disseminating their brand's message.! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting A quotation uses exactly the same words as those found in the source material \ and puts them in quotation marks. Here's what a quotation looks like with a \ proper in-text reference in ASA style: > "Since YouTube creators enjoy the reputation as reliable endorsers, companies \ search for appropriate influencers in the social media sphere in hope of finding \ credible people disseminating their brand's message" (Schwemmer and Ziewiecki \ 2018:4). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Schwemmer, Carsten and Sandra Ziewiecki. 2018. \ "Social Media Sellout: The Increasing Role of Product Promotion on YouTube." \ //Social Media + Society// 4(3):1-20. doi: 10.1177/2056305118786720.</span>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing A paraphrase is another author’s ideas expressed //in your own words//&mdash;\ without quotation marks, since it's no longer a word-for-word quotation. And \ just changing a few words from the original doesn't count! > Many companies seek out YouTubers with good reputations to promote their \ brand and their products (Schwemmer and Ziewiecki 2018:4). > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Schwemmer, Carsten and Sandra Ziewiecki. 2018. \ "Social Media Sellout: The Increasing Role of Product Promotion on YouTube." \ //Social Media + Society// 4(3):1-20. doi: 10.1177/2056305118786720.</span>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Now that you know the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, let's make \ sure you can do it properly in an actual assignment. Imagine that this is your \ essay so far: > Product endorsement is increasingly common on YouTube. ''Since YouTube creators \ enjoy the reputation as reliable endorsers, companies search for appropriate \ influencers in the social media sphere in hope of finding credible people \ disseminating their brand's message.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "style_asa_quotvpara_04" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_asa_quotvpara_04_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_asa_quotvpara_04_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Good catch! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation marks \ and the source is not cited! <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_quotvpara_04" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Oh yes, it is! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation \ marks and the source is not cited. <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_quotvpara_04" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to quote without plagiarising. > Product endorsement is increasingly common on YouTube. ''Since YouTube creators \ enjoy the reputation as reliable endorsers, companies search for appropriate \ influencers in the social media sphere in hope of finding credible people \ disseminating their brand's message.'' <<AnswerChoices "style_asa_quotvpara_05" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_asa_quotvpara_05_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > Product endorsement is increasingly common on YouTube. ''"Since YouTube creators \ enjoy the reputation as reliable endorsers, companies search for appropriate \ influencers in the social media sphere in hope of finding credible people \ disseminating their brand's message" (Schwemmer and Ziewiecki 2018:4).'' > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Schwemmer, Carsten and Sandra Ziewiecki. 2018. \ "Social Media Sellout: The Increasing Role of Product Promotion on YouTube." \ //Social Media + Society// 4(3):1-20. doi: 10.1177/2056305118786720.</span> <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_quotvpara_05" "fixed" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing > Product endorsement is increasingly common on YouTube. ''Many companies seek \ out YouTubers with good reputations to promote their brand and their products.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "style_asa_quotvpara_06" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_asa_quotvpara_06_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_asa_quotvpara_06_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Definitely. The author has used their own words and sentence structure but \ forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_quotvpara_06" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, it IS plagiarism. Although they used their own words and sentence \ structure, they have forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_quotvpara_06" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to paraphrase without plagiarising. > Product endorsement is increasingly common on YouTube. ''Many companies seek \ out YouTubers with good reputations to promote their brand and their products.'' <<AnswerChoices "style_asa_quotvpara_07" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_asa_quotvpara_07_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > Product endorsement is increasingly common on YouTube. ''Many companies seek \ out YouTubers with good reputations to promote their brand and their products \ (Schwemmer and Ziewiecki 2018:4).'' > ... > References: > <span class="hanging_indent">Schwemmer, Carsten and Sandra Ziewiecki. 2018. \ "Social Media Sellout: The Increasing Role of Product Promotion on YouTube." \ //Social Media + Society// 4(3):1-20. doi: 10.1177/2056305118786720.</span> <<AnswerStatus "style_asa_quotvpara_07" "fixed" >>! Is this plagiarism? > "Canadians may well be approaching another such juncture today as the result \ of two seemingly unrelated by in fact closely connected developments...".<sup>1</sup> > ... > <ol><li>Michael Hart, "Lessons from Canada's History as a Trading Nation," \ //International Journal// 58, no.1 (2002): 40, doi:10.2307/40203811.</li></ol> > ... > __Bibliography__ > Hart, Michael. "Lessons from Canada's History as a Trading Nation." \ //International Journal// 58, no.1 (2002): 25-42, doi:10.2307/40203811. <<AnswerChoices "style_chicago_plagiarism_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_chicago_plagiarism_01_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_chicago_plagiarism_01_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect This is not plagiarism. Copying information word-for-word from a source is okay as long as you put \ quotation marks around the copied information and give credit to the source. <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_plagiarism_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism because there are quotation marks around \ the copied information and the source is credited. <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_plagiarism_01" "correct" >>! Is this plagiarism? How about this? Taking someone's ideas or words, putting them into your own words, and crediting \ the source. > Since Canada had such a small economy it did not have much to say when it came \ to making trading deals with other nations.<sup>1</sup> > ... > <ol><li>Michael Hart, "Lessons from Canada's History as a Trading Nation," \ //International Journal// 58, no.1 (2002): 42, doi:10.2307/40203811.</li></ol> > ... > __Bibliography__ > Hart, Michael. "Lessons from Canada's History as a Trading Nation." \ //International Journal// 58, no.1 (2002): 25-42, doi:10.2307/40203811. <<AnswerChoices "style_chicago_plagiarism_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_chicago_plagiarism_02_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_chicago_plagiarism_02_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is not plagiarism: it's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_plagiarism_02" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism. It's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_plagiarism_02" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > Canada became a Confederation in 1867. ''Sentence B'' > Scholars and politicians are divided on whether Confederation constitutes an \ Act imposed by Britain or an agreement between sovereign colonies. <<AnswerChoices "style_chicago_knowledge_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_chicago_knowledge_01_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "style_chicago_knowledge_01_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_knowledge_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this book: > Belshaw, J. //Canadian History: Post-Confederation.// British Columbia: \ BCcampus, 2016. """https://open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/textbooks/671""". <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_knowledge_01" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > The Mexican peso devaluation in 1994 seriously affected the country's \ financial markets. ''Sentence B'' > The peso is the currency used in the country of Mexico. <<AnswerChoices "style_chicago_knowledge_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_chicago_knowledge_02_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "style_chicago_knowledge_02_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this journal article: > Goldberg, C.S. and J.M. Veitch "Exchange rate crisis and firm values: A case \ study of Mexico's tequila crisis." //Journal of American Academy of Business// \ 2, no. 2 (2003): 545-549. <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_knowledge_02" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_knowledge_02" "incorrect" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > France is the third largest country in Europe. ''Sentence B'' > Paris is the Capitol of France. <<AnswerChoices "style_chicago_knowledge_03" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_chicago_knowledge_03_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "style_chicago_knowledge_03_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this website: > Chepkemoi, Joyce. "The Largest Countries in Europe." WorldAtlas. Accessed \ May 31, 2018. """http://worldatlas.com/articles/the-largest-countries-in-europe.html""". <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_knowledge_03" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_knowledge_03" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences Maybe it would help to show the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, and \ how to do each correctly using Chicago style. Imagine that this passage from an eBook is one that you would like to use in \ your essay. > The form of rule established by Diocletian at the end of the 3^^rd^^ century \ was effectively a rule of four: two Augusti (principle emperors) and two Caesares \ (or Ceasars, second-tier emperors), overseeing an empire that was split east and \ west...! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting A quotation uses exactly the same words as those found in the source material \ and puts them in quotation marks. Here's what a quotation looks like with a \ proper in-text reference in Chicago style: > "The form of rule established by Diocletian at the end of the 3^^rd^^ century \ was effectively a rule of four: two Augusti (principle emperors) and two Caesares \ (or Ceasars, second-tier emperors), overseeing an empire that was split east and \ west...".<sup>1</sup> > ... > <ol><li>Andrew Leach, //Rome// (Oxford: Polity Press, 2016), 77, Proquest \ Ebook Central.</li></ol> > ... > __Bibliography__ > Leach, Andrew. //Rome.// Oxford: Polity Press. 2016. ProQuest Ebook Central.! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing A paraphrase is another author’s ideas expressed //in your own words//&mdash;\ without quotation marks, since it's no longer a word-for-word quotation. And \ just changing a few words from the original doesn't count! > A tetrarchy was used to rule Rome for a time at the end of the 3^^rd^^ century \ and into the 4^^th^^. This form of rule consisted of one emperor in the east and \ one in the west, known as Augusti. Each of these emperors had a second in command \ known as a Caesar, who would eventually gain the throne upon each emperor's \ retirement or death.<sup>1</sup> > ... > <ol><li>Andrew Leach, //Rome// (Oxford: Polity Press, 2016), 77, Proquest \ Ebook Central.</li></ol> > ... > __Bibliography__ > Leach, Andrew. //Rome.// Oxford: Polity Press. 2016. ProQuest Ebook Central.! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Now that you know the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, let's make \ sure you can do it properly in an actual assignment. Imagine that this is your \ essay so far: > In an interview, the Ukranian Health Minister, Anatoly Y. Romanenko ''advised \ residents not to have outings in the woods north of Kiev, near the 18-mile zone \ from which 135,000 people were evacuated two years ago.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "style_chicago_quotvpara_04" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_chicago_quotvpara_04_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_chicago_quotvpara_04_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Good catch! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation marks \ and the source is not cited! <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_quotvpara_04" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Oh yes, it is! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation \ marks and the source is not cited. <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_quotvpara_04" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to quote without plagiarising. > In an interview, the Ukranian Health Minister, Anatoly Y. Romanenko ''advised \ residents not to have outings in the woods north of Kiev, near the 18-mile zone \ from which 135,000 people were evacuated two years ago.'' <<AnswerChoices "style_chicago_quotvpara_05" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_chicago_quotvpara_05_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > In an interview, the Ukranian Health Minister, Anatoly Y. Romanenko "advised \ residents not to have outings in the woods north of Kiev, near the 18-mile zone \ from which 135,000 people were evacuated two years ago."<sup>1</sup> > ... > __Note__ > 1. Felicity Barringer, "Fear of Chernobyl Radiation Lingers for the people \ of Kiev," //New York Times,// May 23, 1998, \ """https://ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/docview/426829329?accountid=8172""" > ... > __Bibliography__ > Barringer, Felicity. "Fear of Chernobyl Radiation Lingers for the people \ of Kiev." //New York Times,// May 23, 1998. \ """https://ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/docview/426829329?accountid=8172""" <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_quotvpara_05" "fixed" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing > Although the Ukranian Health Minister recommended that residents did not go in \ the woods near Kiev, he continued to disregard the worries residents had \ concerning radiation. Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "style_chicago_quotvpara_06" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_chicago_quotvpara_06_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_chicago_quotvpara_06_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Definitely. The author has used their own words and sentence structure but \ forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_quotvpara_06" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, it IS plagiarism. Although they used their own words and sentence \ structure, they have forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_quotvpara_06" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to paraphrase without plagiarising. > Although the Ukranian Health Minister recommended that residents did not go in \ the woods near Kiev, he continued to disregard the worries residents had \ concerning radiation. <<AnswerChoices "style_chicago_quotvpara_07" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_chicago_quotvpara_07_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > Although the Ukranian Health Minister recommended that residents did not go in \ the woods near Kiev, he continued to disregard the worries residents had \ concerning radiation.<sup>1</sup> > ... > __Note__ > 1. Felicity Barringer, "Fear of Chernobyl Radiation Lingers for the people \ of Kiev," //New York Times,// May 23, 1998, \ """https://ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/docview/426829329?accountid=8172""" > ... > __Bibliography__ > Barringer, Felicity. "Fear of Chernobyl Radiation Lingers for the people \ of Kiev." //New York Times,// May 23, 1998. \ """https://ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.acadiau.ca:9443/docview/426829329?accountid=8172""" <<AnswerStatus "style_chicago_quotvpara_07" "fixed" >>! Is this plagiarism? Copying a direct quotation into your paper, placing quotation marks around it, \ and crediting the source. > "At the end of the Middle Ages, leprosy disappeared from the Western world" \ (Foucault 3). > ... > Works Cited: > <span class="hanging_indent">Foucault, Michel. //Madness and Civilization.// \ Random House, 1965.</span> <<AnswerChoices "style_mla_plagiarism_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_mla_plagiarism_01_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_mla_plagiarism_01_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect This is not plagiarism. Copying information word-for-word from a source is okay as long as you put \ quotation marks around the copied information and give credit to the source. <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_plagiarism_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism because there are quotation marks around \ the copied information and the source is credited. <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_plagiarism_01" "correct" >>! Is this plagiarism? How about this? Taking someone's ideas or words, putting them into your own words, and crediting \ the source. > Leprosy was eradicated in the west by the end of medieval times (Foucault 3). > ... > Works Cited: > <span class="hanging_indent">Foucault, Michel. //Madness and Civilization.// \ Random House, 1965.</span> <<AnswerChoices "style_mla_plagiarism_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_mla_plagiarism_02_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_mla_plagiarism_02_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is not plagiarism: it's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_plagiarism_02" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This is not plagiarism. It's paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is fine as long as you credit the source and the paraphrase is \ entirely in your words&mdash;just changing a couple words here and there \ doesn't cut it. <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_plagiarism_02" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > Bram Stoker is the author of //Dracula//. ''Sentence B'' > Bram Stoker's death certificate suggests that he died of tertiary syphilis. <<AnswerChoices "style_mla_knowledge_01" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_mla_knowledge_01_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "style_mla_knowledge_01_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_knowledge_01" "incorrect" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this journal article: > Fry, Carol L., and John Robert Craig. "'Unfit for Earth, Undoomed for Heaven': \ The Genesis of Coppola's Byronic Dracula." //Literature and Film Quarterly//, \ vol. 30, no. 4, 1994, pp. 271-78. <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_knowledge_01" "correct" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > Shakespeare probably earned about 200 pounds a year from his work in the \ theatre. ''Sentence B'' > William Shakespeare was born in England in the 16th century. <<AnswerChoices "style_mla_knowledge_02" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_mla_knowledge_02_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "style_mla_knowledge_02_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this book: > Hyland, Peter. //An Introduction to Shakespeare: The Dramatist in His \ Context//. St. Martin's Press, 1996. <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_knowledge_02" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_knowledge_02" "incorrect" >>! Common knowledge or not? One sentence is common knowledge and the other is not. Pick the one that needs \ to be cited. ''Sentence A'' > Tolkien's //The Hobbit//, published in 1937, was originally written for \ Tolkien's own children. ''Sentence B'' > J.R.R. Tolkien is the author of //The Lord Of The Rings//. <<AnswerChoices "style_mla_knowledge_03" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_mla_knowledge_03_include_answer_a" "Sentence A" "style_mla_knowledge_03_include_answer_b" "Sentence B" >>!! Correct You're right! This needs to be cited. It's from this website: > Wood, Ralph C. "Biography of J.R.R. Tolkein." //LeadershipU//, \ """http://www.learderu.com/humanities/wood-biography.html""". <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_knowledge_03" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, this is common knowledge and doesn't need to be cited. (But when in \ doubt, it's better to cite than not.) <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_knowledge_03" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences Maybe it would help to show the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, and \ how to do each correctly using MLA style. > In //The Pastures of Heaven//, readers first see the natural and poetic use \ of language familiar in Steinbeck's greatest works.! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting A quotation uses exactly the same words as those found in the source material \ and puts them in quotation marks. Here's what a quotation looks like with a \ proper in-text reference in MLA style: > "In //The Pastures of Heaven//, readers first see the natural and poetic use \ of language familiar in Steinbeck's greatest works" (Burkhead 17). > ... > Works Cited: > <span class="hanging_indent">Burkhead, Cynthia. \ //Student Companion to John Steinbeck.// Greenwood, 2002.</span>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing A paraphrase is another author’s ideas expressed //in your own words//&mdash;\ without quotation marks, since it's no longer a word-for-word quotation. And \ just changing a few words from the original doesn't count! > The first use of Steinbeck's works to use language in the poetic way for which \ he became famous is //The Pastures of Heaven// (Burkhead 17). > ... > Works Cited: > <span class="hanging_indent">Burkhead, Cynthia. \ //Student Companion to John Steinbeck.// Greenwood, 2002.</span>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Let's look at an example in context: > Steinbeck's early works betray an undeveloped style. ''In //The Pastures of \ Heaven//, readers first see the natural and poetic use of language familiar in \ Steinbeck's greatest works.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "style_mla_quotvpara_04" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_mla_quotvpara_04_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_mla_quotvpara_04_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Good catch! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation marks \ and the source is not cited! <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_quotvpara_04" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Oh yes, it is! This is plagiarism because the quotation is not in quotation \ marks and the source is not cited. <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_quotvpara_04" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Quoting Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to quote without plagiarising. > Steinbeck's early works betray an undeveloped style. ''In //The Pastures of \ Heaven//, readers first see the natural and poetic use of language familiar in \ Steinbeck's greatest works.'' <<AnswerChoices "style_mla_quotvpara_05" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_mla_quotvpara_05_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > Steinbeck's early works betray an undeveloped style. ''In //The Pastures of \ Heaven//, readers first see the natural and poetic use of language familiar in \ Steinbeck's greatest works'' (Burkhead 17). > ... > Works Cited: > <span class="hanging_indent">Burkhead, Cynthia. \ //Student Companion to John Steinbeck.// Greenwood, 2002.</span> <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_quotvpara_05" "fixed" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing > Steinbeck's early works betray an undeveloped style. ''The first of \ Steinbeck's works to use language in the poetic way for which he became famous \ is //The Pastures of Heaven//.'' Is this plagiarism? <<AnswerChoices "style_mla_quotvpara_06" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_mla_quotvpara_06_include_answer_yes" "Yes, this is plagiarism" "style_mla_quotvpara_06_include_answer_no" "No, this is not plagiarism" >>!! Correct Definitely. The author has used their own words and sentence structure but \ forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_quotvpara_06" "correct" >>!! Incorrect Actually, it IS plagiarism. Although they used their own words and sentence \ structure, they have forgotten to cite the source! <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_quotvpara_06" "incorrect" >>! Quoting and Paraphrasing: Differences !! Paraphrasing Revisions Click "Fix it" to see how to paraphrase without plagiarising. > Steinbeck's early works betray an undeveloped style. ''The first of \ Steinbeck's works to use language in the poetic way for which he became famous \ is //The Pastures of Heaven//.'' <<AnswerChoices "style_mla_quotvpara_07" $next_common_passage "hide" "style_mla_quotvpara_07_include_answer_fix" "Fix it" >>!! Fixed > Steinbeck's early works betray an undeveloped style. ''The first of \ Steinbeck's works to use language in the poetic way for which he became famous \ is //The Pastures of Heaven//'' (Burkhead 17). > ... > Works Cited: > <span class="hanging_indent">Burkhead, Cynthia. \ //Student Companion to John Steinbeck.// Greenwood, 2002.</span> <<AnswerStatus "style_mla_quotvpara_07" "fixed" >>! Tutorial Usage and Licensing Thank you for your interest in Acadia's Information Literacy Online \ modules&mdash;a series of tutorials developed by librarians in the \ [[Vaughan Memorial Library|https://library.acadiau.ca]] at Acadia University. \ Acadia's librarians use these modules to teach basic research skills to students \ and to supplement one-on-one and in-class information literacy instruction. Anyone is permitted to access, display, print, or embed these tutorials for \ non-commercial research and educational purposes. Commercial use, however, is \ not permitted. Institutions wishing to modify a tutorial for non-commercial research and \ educational purposes must license the source files from Acadia University. \ Please contact us at the email address below to request a software license \ agreement. Note that the license must be signed by the appropriate signing \ officer at your institution. Upon acceptance of the license application by \ Acadia University, you will be contacted with information about transferring a \ copy of the source file. Comments or questions should be emailed to: \ [[information.literacy.online@acadiau.ca|mailto:information.literacy.online@acadiau.ca]]. <div class="passage_link"><<back "< Back">></div><div class="debug"> !!! DEBUG: Passages <ul> <<set _lk_story_passages = Story.lookup("passages")>> <<for _i to 0; _i lt _lk_story_passages.length; _i++>> <li>[[_lk_story_passages[_i].title]]</li> <</for>> </ul> </div><div class="debug"> !!! DEBUG: Variables <ul> <li>turns = <<print turns()>></li> <<for _key, _val range State.variables>> <<if Array.isArray(_val)>> <<for _arr_key, _arr_val range _val>> <li><<print _key + "[" + _arr_key + "]">> = <<print JSON.stringify(_arr_val)>></li> <</for>> <<elseif _val instanceof Object>> <li><<print _key>> = <<print JSON.stringify(_val)>></li> <<else>> <li><<print _key>> = <<print _val>></li> <</if>> <</for>> </ul> </div><div class="debug"> !!! DEBUG: Avatar Reactions <ul> <<script>> var a, b, j, k, x, y, z, markup = ""; x = Object.keys(State.getVar("$avatar['reaction']")); for(j = 0; j < x.length; j++) { y = Object.keys(State.getVar("$avatar['reaction']['" + x[j] + "']")); for(k = 0; k < y.length; k++) { markup = markup + '<li><<GenerateAvatar "' + y[k] + '" "' + x[j] + '">> ' + x[j] + ' - ' + y[k] + '</li>'; } } jQuery(this.output).wiki(markup); <</script>> </ul> </div><div class="debug"> !!! DEBUG: Controls <ul class="debug"> <li>Current passage: <<print passage()>></li> <li>Current tags: <<print tags()>></li> <li><<link "Engine Restart">><<script>>Engine.restart();<</script>><</link>></li> <li><<link "UI Restart">><<script>>UI.restart();<</script>><</link>></li> </ul> </div>